, has become a significant part of scientific communication.
, has become a significant part of scientific communication.Tags: Personal Plan CourseworkBarbara Ehrenreich Nickel And Dimed EssaysLeasing Company Business PlanResearch Methodology PaperTemplates Of Business PlansTop Essays WebsitesNumerical Methods CourseworkFree Online Plagiarism Checker For Research PapersSelf Concept Essay
and of professional training programs for the library staff (Ani et al., 2005).
Together, these and other factors create and maintain a digital divide that challenges economic development (Mutula, 2005, 2008).
This paper will provide a review of relevant literature on the topic, followed by a short overview of open repositories in sub-Saharan African countries, a region facing serious political, economic and social challenges.
The main section will present a project for the digitizing of Ph D theses of two universities in Togo, and we will then discuss questions and problems related to the specific conditions of the project, in order to contribute to the understanding of the dynamics and rich diversity of the open access movement.
These sources of information may not be published through the traditional route and may not be available within typical bibliographic databases.
Often, these materials are not peer-reviewed unlike journal articles. Is there an option for sustainable development of open access in these countries?The future will show whether open access contributes to reducing the digital divide between sub-Saharan Africa and other countries or whether it will instead consolidate this divide.With regards to dissemination of scientific production, the green road, i.e.self-archiving of scientific work in an open access repository, is often considered as the choice for developing countries because of lower investment and operational costs.The complexity of providing such culturally appropriate care to our population today and in the future calls for a simple and comprehensive tool to guide healthcare providers now.e Books from West Thomson Reuters publishing; Work seamlessly across your desktop, laptop, or tablet; Includes court rules, statutes, treatises, practice series titles, Federal Civil Judicial Procedure and Rules, Patry on Copyright, Federal Rules of Evidence, and much more.Joachim Schöpfel University of Lille 3 Maebena Soukouya University Library of Kara (Togo) Point of contact for this article: Joachim Schöpfel, [email protected]:10.1045/november2013-schopfel Open access has become a significant part of scientific communication.Freely available means, "free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions" (Suber, 2012, p. The access principle (Willinsky, 2005) is generally considered as a global movement, without national or regional frontiers.Open access to scientific information includes research from developing countries.A recent overview of African STI initiatives underlines the role of physical infrastructures (Derfoufi, 2012).Her survey on Nigeria, Kenya and Senegal shows that even if the offer of STI increased because of open access and international initiatives such as HINARI, access remains fragile.