Within a few years, most legislators agreed that they needed to make some changes. But congressional leaders also made sure that the individual states retained some rights, inserting language that was designed to strike a balance between federal and state power.Complaints about this arrangement flared up from time to time in both the northern and southern regions of the country, as Supreme Court decisions (Mc Culloch v.From the time that the original thirteen colonies declared their independence from Great Britain in 1776, Americans worked to develop an effective system of democratic government.
Within a few years, most legislators agreed that they needed to make some changes. But congressional leaders also made sure that the individual states retained some rights, inserting language that was designed to strike a balance between federal and state power.Tags: Black History Month Essay ContestAgainst Interpretation And Other EssaysUcsd Thesis InstructionsHepatitis Research PaperFreak The Mighty Summary EssayDissertation MthodeBusiness Planning CycleDefinition Essay On Happiness
During the 1820s and 1830s, the different needs of the two regions' economies further strained relations between the North and the South.
The first half of the nineteenth century was also a period of great expansion for the United States.
In 1803, the nation purchased the vast Louisiana Territory from France, and in the late 1840s it wrestled Texas and five hundred thousand square miles of land in western North America from Mexico.
But in both of these cases, the addition of new land deepened the bitterness between the North and the South.
But when the Missouri Territory applied for statehood in 1818, the issue of slavery immediately emerged as an obstacle.
Missouri had petitioned Congress for statehood as a slaveholding state. After all, if Missouri was admitted as a slave state, the number of slave states in the Union would be greater than the number of free (nonslave) states by a twelve-to-eleven count.This system of tariffs was passed in 1828 at the insistence of Northern businessmen, who knew that people would continue to buy their products if European goods were made more expensive by the tariffs. The union must be preserved, and it will now be tested, by the support I get from the people.Southerners reacted furiously, calling the 1828 tariff a "tariff of abominations." They said that the tariff would force Southerners to buy products from Northern merchants who, protected by the tariff on foreign goods, would be able to charge higher prices. I will die for the union." But even as Jackson prepared for military action, he tried to convince Congress to address South Carolina's complaints by making changes to the tariff laws.Finally, South Carolina's defiant stand introduced the idea of secession to a generation of Southerners.All across the South, from Richmond, Virginia, to New Orleans, Louisiana, white communities began to wonder if secession from the Union might ultimately be the only way for them to keep their way of life intact.Under the terms of this document, the individual states held most of the country's legislative power.The Articles of Confederation also provided for the creation of a central or federal government to guide the nation, but this government was given so little authority that it was unable to do much. Constitution, which provided additional powers to the federal government.Then, in the late 1820s, federal actions on two major issues made Southern lawmakers angrier than they had ever been before.First, the federal government attached high purchase prices to most of the territory out west in order to increase its revenues.As each new state and territory was admitted into the Union, the two sides engaged in furious arguments over whether slavery would be permitted within its borders.Urged on by the growing abolitionist movement, Northerners became determined to halt the spread of slavery.