In a research paper all of this usually goes into a single heading "Introduction".
When you write a thesis the introduction may be many pages log and it is not uncommon to either have the list above as subheadings under introduction or to outline this part slightly differently.
A classic format for compositions is the five-paragraph essay.
It is not the only format for writing an essay, of course, but it is a useful model for you to keep in mind, especially as you begin to develop your composition skills.
Basically, a reader, after reading the Introduction, should have a good idea as what the thesis is going to be about, and in what wider concept of science it fits, and this cannot be done without citing other people.
This shows that you are not doing some rubbish nobody is interested in.
The basic idea is to start by providing the wider scope within which your work resides.
You then focus in on your part of the field or research question through a few steps.
The introduction of a thesis is a good place to give a bird’s eye view of the problem you face, its importance, relevance to major challenges in the field, possible applications (including in related fields).
You can very briefly explain what other have done to approach it, but I would definitely not include there a full review of the literature.