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The way to do this is to identify the assumptions in your question and, with the aid of the literature, argue that these assumptions are currently accepted by the intended audience, or at the very least defensible.
A good literature review will result in a series of logically connected arguments that support the research question.
The need to make arguments in relation to the literature, not just review existing literature, results in a different approach to writing.
A lit review goes beyond basic summarizing to focus on the critical analysis of the reviewed works and their relationship to your research question.
where you select resources to support one side of an issue versus another.
Instead of a mere ‘review’, it must firmly scaffold the overall argument, the thesis, by argumentatively engaging with the literature. The simplest of questions makes several assumptions, some mundane and some critical.
All questions are built on a foundation of assumptions, that is, they are based on propositions that we take for granted. If any of the assumptions that underlie a question are implausible, the validity of the question is in doubt. ’ but you never smoked, my question is problematic and cannot be answered meaningfully.
Using the technique before having read the literature can lead to confused writing and dubious arguments.
A literature review is a systematic review of the published literature on a specific topic or research question.
I suggest that a primary aim of the literature review chapter is to make the case that the question should be accepted.
To state it differently: the literature review is a series of connected arguments in support of the research question.