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The Soviet Union attempted to gain control within third world countries as well.Consequently, since the US adopted a protectionist attitude toward the world, they had no choice but to intervene as well.
As an ideological battle for supremacy, the US felt that it was integral to offer relentless support to the anti-communist forces in an effort to undermine the influence of both China and the Soviet Union.(Read more about the events of the Vietnam War.) A primary reason for US intervention was the fact that America’s reputation was largely at stake.Early on, efforts to unify the country under one regime was seen by “policymakers…The fact that ideology played a driving force in policymaking epitomizes the notion that Vietnam had more to do with the international context of the cold war than it did the country itself.The symbolism of losing a country to communist rulers via military dictatorship was a paradigm of failure to the US.Johnson persisted in fighting a war of attrition mainly due to strong international political pressure to support democracy and eliminate communism.In his book titled “The Vietnam War: A Concise International History,” Mark Lawrence proposed that the broader international context of the cold war along with the openness to influence of Vietnam allowed the war to take place in the first place.However, the reason for US intervention was not as pure as the quest for democracy.Instead, there was the accountability and overall reputation of the US to make a strong stand in Vietnam, especially after its stale-mate intervention during the Korean War (Lawrence, 71).The political pressure to not look weak and take action for their international plans prompted the US to quickly take action in making Vietnam a democracy.Simultaneously, Leonid Brezhnev, a prominent Soviet leader, also intervened on behalf of Vietnam simply because "failure to do so would cede Southeast Asia to Chinese domination and weaken Soviet claims to leadership throughout the Third World" (Lawrence, 95).