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Formal – Textbooks, official reports, academic articles, essays, business letters, contracts, official speeches Semi-formal – Day-to-day interaction with colleagues and teachers, popular magazines/books, interviews, when talking with someone in authority or whom you respect Informal – Interacting with friends, speaking or chatting online Punctuation, proper grammar, and correct sentence structure are very important. In the same way, using English that is too formal or too informal for the situation can cause a bad impression.A simpler, less formal way to say the same thing: The economy is very strong right now, but some specialists say we’ll have a recession soon. ” and not just “Call me later.” Another part of polite English is making criticisms and negative comments in an indirect way: “Finished your work yet?
Writing a formal essay requires an understanding of how to structure the essay, how to present it on the page, and how to write in a formal writing style.
A formal essay also requires a strong vocabulary, and may require some research skills.
Writing for professional purposes is likely to require the formal style, although individual communications can use the informal style once you are familiar with the recipient.
Note that emails tend to lend themselves to a less formal style than paper-based communications, but you should still avoid the use of "text talk".
This can really damage your grade because lecturers are always looking for ‘critical thinking’.
If you don’t give your opinion in your essays, your lecturers can’t see your critical thinking.
If in doubt as to how formal your writing should be, it is usually better to err on the side of caution and be formal rather than informal.
Most of the time, students describe a situation, but they don’t give their opinion or stance.
This page covers the key aspects of formal and informal writing styles.
Before deciding which style is appropriate to your message you should read our page: Know your Audience.