Tags: Technology Effects On Society EssayThe Cons Of HomeworkBuy Real Fans ReviewsGreek Vase Painter EssaysDecision Making Tools Techniques EssaysReligion Essay TopicsEssays How To Reference
Studying the contextual circumstances of seemingly suboptimal limiting decisions (regarding the formation of organizations or policies) is crucial since these decisions may have shaped the present and may also shape the future.
In contemporary American politics, Democrats and Republicans have become increasingly polarized along ideological lines.
This division is especially apparent in the debates surrounding the possibility of universal health care given the passage of the new health care reform bill this past year.
In the past few years, several studies have tried to identify and investigate the history of the organizational structure, evolutions in technology, and policy reforms by applying process theories.
More specifically, studying the locked-in organizations and policies has gained attention to challenge this locked-in status and disrupt the policy or organizational status quo—if this status quo did not and will not lead to achieving the policy or organizational goal.
It is important to comprehend that critical junctures take place only if there are many alternatives or at least two alternatives.
Once one alternative is selected, it imposes progressive limitations, which make it difficult to deviate away from the selected alternative or to return to the 0 point.These results are discussed within the context of Cognitive-Experiential Self-Theory in addition to general psychological and sociological accounts of political beliefs in older adults.Universal health coverage (UHC) is the big objective in health policy which several countries are seeking to achieve.We also found that preferences for rational thinking styles and maintained executive functioning were associated with liberal ideology in older adults.Moreover, rational processing and executive function were uniquely correlated with support for universal health care in addition to party affiliation.Egypt is no different and its endeavors to attain UHC have been going on since the 1960s.This article discusses the status of UHC in Egypt using theories of political science and economics by analyzing the historical transformations in the Egyptian health system and its institutional settings.In many cases, the status quo or the persistence is treated as a starting point or an outcome, but the underlying process that produced this status quo or persistence remains unchallenged and underexplored (1).To challenge the persistence, studying the underlying processes emerges as a main step to provide policymakers and stakeholders with insights regarding the status quo.Perhaps the archetypical example of path dependence theory is the persistence of the QWERTY keyboard in new technologies despite the emergence of newly technically superior alternatives (5). The orthodox simple explanation of the path-dependent processes is that “the social world often follows a particular trajectory: an open period during which there are a number of plausible alternatives, a critical juncture where contingent events result in one of these alternatives being selected, and then feedback that constrains actors to keep to that particular path” (6).Another definition that emphasizes the surroundings of the action or decision is that path dependence “is a specific form of complex dynamics: It provides an analytical framework to explain and assess the ever-changing outcomes of the combination of and interaction amongst factors of continuity/discontinuity, growth and development, hysteresis and creativity, routines and ‘free will’, which all characterize economic action in a dynamic perspective that is also able to appreciate the role of historic time” (2, 4).