Thesis And Its Antithesis Leading To A Synthesis

Hegel’s dialectics relies on this same contradictory process between opposing sides.Hegel’s work depends on the subject matter he discusses.

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Since Mueller’s 1958 article calling Hegelian dialectics a “legend,” it has been fashionable to deny that Hegel used thesis-antithesis-synthesis dialectics.

But in truth, Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit has 28 dialectics hidden on four outline levels, and The Philosophy of History has 10 more on three outline levels.

It becomes the new thesis where a new antithesis forms to oppose it.

The conflict between them leads to a second synthesis.

He created this debate between the character of Socrates, on one side, and some person such as Thrasymachus or group of people to whom Socrates was talking on the other side.

Socrates’ interlocutors propose definitions of philosophical concepts or express views that Socrates then challenges or opposes.Thus, in Hegel’s master-and-slave dialectic (God = master, man = slave), man advances from potential freedom to actual bondage (religiosity) to actual freedom (atheism).Only Marx and Tillich understood Hegelian dialectics.The final result from that clash, the synthesis, is the best conclusion.In all likelihood, the synthesis is not the final and absolute truth.The back-and-forth debate between opposing sides produces a kind of linear progression or evolution in philosophical views or positions.Hegel saw this method of a back-and-forth dialectic between Socrates and his interlocutors thus becomes Plato’s way of arguing against the earlier, less sophisticated views or positions and for the more sophisticated ones later.That result will develop an opposing force of its own and the ensuing battle yields another result.The objective reality we have right now has incorporated within it all previous “battles” of thesis and antithesis since the beginning of time, meaning that—according to the theory—we are living in a progressive arc to absolute truth and world perfection.Hegelianism is the philosophy of George Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831) that can be summed up by his “Dialectics” which is a term used to describe a method of philosophical argument that sees the world in two opposing forces thesis, antithesis, that then produce the synthesis.The triad of thesis, antithesis, synthesis was never used the terminology by Hegel himself. However, the relationship between the these three abstract terms of the triad is what has become known as Hegel’s dialectical method of reasoning.


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