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Chapter 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND Introduction Now, in our society all over the world technology is the most important advancement, a necessity in bringing about progress as we move along in this computerized world.
Even as far back as 1588, the invention of the French 'Book Wheel' allowed scholars to rotate between books by stepping on a pedalthat turned a book table.
Another interesting example was the 'Book Indicator', developed by Albert Cotgreave in 1863.
A variety of software is being used by the libraries of Lahore.
Nor is there available, any standard tool or directory for the selection and evaluation of the software.
In 1945, Vannevar Bush envisioned anautomated system that would store information, including books,personal records and articles.
Bush(1945) wrote about a hypothetical'memex' system which he described as a mechanical library that wouldallow a user to view stored information from several different accesspoints and look at several items simultaneously.
Librarians have the responsibility not only to know about the ways in which libraries will be managed using techniques of computerized, but also to be aware of the changes that computerized can bring to the library services in the near future.(Grace, 2011)Traditionally, library systems are implemented manually.
Forms are given to Librarian and they fill them of using pens.
Evaluation of the software against a checklist reveals the better functionality of Library Information Management System and Library Automation and Management Program than INMAGIC and WINISIS, but librarians were found to be more satisfied with INMAGIC.
All the respondents agreed that before selecting any ILS, librarys' actual and perceived needs, available resources and funds should be kept in mind. The questionnaire survey is limited to the automated libraries of Lahore and focuses on the comparison and evaluation of the most used software only, while selected librarians with good IT skills were chosen for seeking opinions about the most desired ILS features.