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Wholly unelected, with most members appointed for life, it appears a vestige of the ‘elite’ form of bicamerali... Alberto López-Basaguren The Spanish Constitution defines the Senate as 'Chamber of territorial representation'. Patricia Popelier Belgium was established in 1830 as a unitary state with a bicameral parliament, with symmetrical powers for the upper and the lower house. Peter Bußjäger According to many legal and political scientists the Austrian Bundesrat is generally considered to be a paradigmatic example of a politically and legally weak second chamber embedded in a strongly centralised f... Eva Maria Belser This paper presents the Swiss Ständerat as a model of perfect bicameralism. federalism particularly since the late1960s has evolved over the course of pluralism alternating exercisable governmental powers between the federal and state governments. First, the paper will examine the legislative functions of the second chambers of... Giuseppe Martinico This article briefly explores the reasons why the Committee of the Regions (Co R) has only partially accomplished its representative function. However, many of these patterns (among which tetracameralism, tricameralism, ... Giacomo Delledonne The aim of this contribution is to make some points on the distinction between ‘perfect’ (or equal) and ‘imperfect’ (or unequal) bicameralism and its relevance to contemporary discussions about second c... Erika Arban In a global context where popular referenda are increasingly used to decide contested issues, this paper aims at exploring the framework in which, in October 2017, two referenda took place in the Italian northe... John Boye Ejobowah This paper evaluates the second-generation theory (SGT) of fiscal federalism.
The President suggests we pass the decision on welfare down to the people close to home.
Liberals see these local voters as a pack of heartless skinflints; conservatives see the decision-making close to home as a useful discipline to curb the explosion of welfare costs. Reagan proposes to transfer the revenue from national sales taxes to the states, ultimately giving them the right to take over all taxation of booze and butts, and maybe gasoline.
On the domestic side, the real Reagan is in the White House and all's right-wing with the world.
(But who is this other Reagan he dragged along to handle foreign affairs?
(That was understandable; we once labeled a Nixon proposal the '' New Economic Plan,'' only to learn that had been the name of a scheme by Lenin.) However, briefers and broadcasters have been using the '' New Federalism'' tag to describe the bold Reagan idea. Thirteen years ago, we used it to mean the consolidation of specific ''categorical'' grants into broader ''bloc'' grants, giving states and localities more leeway in the spending of Federal monies; going further, the Nixon men started ''revenue sharing,'' the earmarking of a part of the Federal budget for state and local use with few strings attached.
Back then, the notion was to have the Federal Government do what it does best (levy taxes) and to have state and local governments do what they do best (administer local spending).
Now comes the Reagan sweetener: we'll take care of your sick if you'll take care of your poor.
The fastest-rising welfare cost is medicaid, presently paid by the states and cities; the President proposes to assume this cost of caring for the sick at the Federal level if the local levels pick up the whole cost of caring for their poor.
However, the complex, opaque and consensual character of the decision-making process in the Council puts its legitimacy into questio... Rui Tavares Lanceiro This paper explores the similarities between the EU’s system of administrative implementation of its legislative acts, and the German and American systems of administrative implementation of their respective ... Matteo Bonelli The EU has not yet found effective answers to constitutional crises in its Member States, in particular Hungary and Poland. Tommaso Visone In recent political debate, the association between national souverainisme and Euroscepticism is considered a natural one. Francisco Pereira Coutinho The international bailout granted to Portugal between 20 was conditional on the adoption by the Portuguese State of austerity measures included in a memorandum of understanding (Mo U) signed by the ... Jennifer Grant Progressive ideology has slowly eroded American principles for over a century, declaring social control its ultimate goal. Kalu and Dov Bing While most students of federalism feel satisfied with defining it as involving self-rule and shared rule, there is an inherent laxity in that definition because several institutional forms have dual components ... Werner Reutter Constitutional politics seemingly corroborate the assumption that Germany is a Grand Coalition state.
Due to systemic problems of compliance with the common values of Art. From Marine Le Pen to Matteo Salvini, there is a unanimous affirmation of the necessity... Samo Bardutzky This article is inspired by the 2017 discussions on the future of Europe (in particular some of the ideas debated in the White Paper on the Future of Europe, published by the European Commission) and the events... Valentina Rita Scotti After a discussion of the impact of the principle of equality, entrenched in the Charters approved in Canada since the 1867 British North American Act, this essay then focuses on the related Supreme Court’s a... Charlotte Helen Skeet The Canadian constitution is to some extent characterised by its focus on equality, and in particular gender equality. Davide Strazzari The paper focuses on Canadian Provinces’ role in migrant selection. Fabio Giglioni The EBU represents a clear investment in administrative integration with clear implications for the constitutional features of the EU. Nicole Scicluna The robustness of the EU’s constitutional framework – and its ability to accommodate democratic politics – is challenged as never before. Tommaso Visone The difference between ASEAN and EU in the political and economic realm has an interesting parallel in the system of values and “rights” that are sustained by the two organisations. Social control is not possible while American principles, such as individual freedoms a... In this perspective German cooperative federalism and the supermajority required for any amendment to the co... Giovanni Boggero This paper aims to provide a brief assessment of the legal framework of the newly established metropolitan cities in the Italian domestic legal order. Arianna Vettorel The current financial problems of some Euro-area Member States have been tackled by ad hoc financial institutions, formed outside of the EU as international institutions and aimed at granting financial assistan... Matteo De Nes This note analyses a peculiar feature of the ESM, namely the lack of an acceptable set of standards for the fundamental democratic principle of transparency.