Thematic Essay On Federalism

Thematic Essay On Federalism-5
Wholly unelected, with most members appointed for life, it appears a vestige of the ‘elite’ form of bicamerali... Alberto López-Basaguren The Spanish Constitution defines the Senate as 'Chamber of territorial representation'. Patricia Popelier Belgium was established in 1830 as a unitary state with a bicameral parliament, with symmetrical powers for the upper and the lower house. Peter Bußjäger According to many legal and political scientists the Austrian Bundesrat is generally considered to be a paradigmatic example of a politically and legally weak second chamber embedded in a strongly centralised f... Eva Maria Belser This paper presents the Swiss Ständerat as a model of perfect bicameralism. federalism particularly since the late1960s has evolved over the course of pluralism alternating exercisable governmental powers between the federal and state governments. First, the paper will examine the legislative functions of the second chambers of... Giuseppe Martinico This article briefly explores the reasons why the Committee of the Regions (Co R) has only partially accomplished its representative function. However, many of these patterns (among which tetracameralism, tricameralism, ... Giacomo Delledonne The aim of this contribution is to make some points on the distinction between ‘perfect’ (or equal) and ‘imperfect’ (or unequal) bicameralism and its relevance to contemporary discussions about second c... Erika Arban In a global context where popular referenda are increasingly used to decide contested issues, this paper aims at exploring the framework in which, in October 2017, two referenda took place in the Italian northe... John Boye Ejobowah This paper evaluates the second-generation theory (SGT) of fiscal federalism.

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The President suggests we pass the decision on welfare down to the people close to home.

Liberals see these local voters as a pack of heartless skinflints; conservatives see the decision-making close to home as a useful discipline to curb the explosion of welfare costs. Reagan proposes to transfer the revenue from national sales taxes to the states, ultimately giving them the right to take over all taxation of booze and butts, and maybe gasoline.

On the domestic side, the real Reagan is in the White House and all's right-wing with the world.

(But who is this other Reagan he dragged along to handle foreign affairs?

(That was understandable; we once labeled a Nixon proposal the '' New Economic Plan,'' only to learn that had been the name of a scheme by Lenin.) However, briefers and broadcasters have been using the '' New Federalism'' tag to describe the bold Reagan idea. Thirteen years ago, we used it to mean the consolidation of specific ''categorical'' grants into broader ''bloc'' grants, giving states and localities more leeway in the spending of Federal monies; going further, the Nixon men started ''revenue sharing,'' the earmarking of a part of the Federal budget for state and local use with few strings attached.

Back then, the notion was to have the Federal Government do what it does best (levy taxes) and to have state and local governments do what they do best (administer local spending).

Now comes the Reagan sweetener: we'll take care of your sick if you'll take care of your poor.

The fastest-rising welfare cost is medicaid, presently paid by the states and cities; the President proposes to assume this cost of caring for the sick at the Federal level if the local levels pick up the whole cost of caring for their poor.

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