The Lipset Thesis

The Lipset Thesis-33
Scholars, however, have shown what everyone in politics knows instinctively: Unions are also political organizations that, under the right circumstances, can powerfully channel the working-class vote. And unions have been profoundly weakened by changes in the American economic structure, and by decades of assaults against them by the Republican Party.A classic study on this subject was done by the sociologist Seymour Martin Lipset. In the post-World War II era, one in three American workers belonged to a union; now it’s down to one in 10.

Scholars, however, have shown what everyone in politics knows instinctively: Unions are also political organizations that, under the right circumstances, can powerfully channel the working-class vote. And unions have been profoundly weakened by changes in the American economic structure, and by decades of assaults against them by the Republican Party.

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The Electoral Integrity Project (EIP), which I direct, was founded four years ago to provide an independent evaluation of the quality of elections worldwide. Contests in Nigeria last year also provide hope for progress. One of the most influential arguments about wealth and democracy was advanced by political scientists Adam Przeworski and Fernando Limongi in their influential 1997 article “Modernization: Theories and Facts.” This study compared 135 autocratic and democratic regime states from 1950-1990.

The EIP’s results have been published in several books, including my own, . The authors argued that dictatorships collapsed for all sorts of reasons.

To summarize the evidence in the region, Figure 1 maps the contrasts in the overall 100-point PEI index for all the African countries covered in the survey since 2012.

The African map shows relatively positive scores for electoral integrity in Benin, Mauritius, Lesotho, South Africa and Namibia. Unfortunately, more than half the African states included in the survey have flawed contests (with low scores for integrity), with Burundi, Equatorial Guinea and Ethiopia rated as failed elections – and some of the lowest ratings for integrity in any country around the globe. Figure 2 illustrates the links between economic development (per capita GDP in purchasing power parity, with data from the World Bank) and the electoral integrity (measured by PEI experts).

THE white working-class men who are planning to vote for Donald J.

Do You Like Math Essay - The Lipset Thesis

Trump this November have been called many things: xenophobic, racist, misogynist, dangerously naïve.

Trump — if only the American labor movement weren’t a shell of its former self.

When we think about unions, what typically come to mind are interest groups concerned with wages, benefits and working conditions.

Authoritarian attitudes also owed something to the work itself. O., turned on the charm — and opened his organization’s wallet. Yet in a study published last month of 16 European nations, the political scientists Christoph Arndt and Line Rennwald found that union membership helps inoculate workers against the far right’s message. Trump is making — a man whose recently announced economic advisory team is made up largely of fellow billionaires, and who has said that hourly wages are too high? American unions have a checkered history and are far from perfect.

Controversially, he suggested that manual work was at odds with the abstract thinking required to appreciate complex, pluralistic solutions to political problems. Lipset’s view unions had the potential to counter such tendencies. Through speeches, meetings and mass mailings he pressed Mr. While the far right has been able to gain ground even in countries like Sweden where unionization rates are high, in general employees covered by collective bargaining agreements feel less threatened by the social changes that agitate far-right ideologues. But as an institution, unions are an essential bulwark for democracy. An earlier version of this article misstated the position that Richard Trumka held in the A.

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