Well, the simple answer is that while the purpose of a research paper is to present a new idea or concept, a literature review is just about stating the existing ideas and theories on the topic in an organized manner.
This is where you should mention the methods you have used to search for the data collected for your work.
Remember to mention every source of reference used, such as books, journals, research papers, etc.
The table should be such that the reader easily understands the data presented.
If the literature review you are writing is a part of your research paper, then you can synthesize the information and ideas from all the works discussed in the sections above to show how your idea was called for, is relevant, or something never thought of before.
At undergraduate level literature reviews can be a separate stand alone assessment.
The literature review is generally in the format of a standard essay made up of three components: an introduction, a body and a conclusion.
You show your understanding by analysing and then synthesising the information to: Work out what you need to address in the literature review.
What are you being asked to do in your literature review? Check your assignment question and your criteria sheet to know what to focus on. Select appropriate source material: Use a variety of academic or scholarly sources that are relevant, current and authoritative.
It is an assessment of the literature and provides a summary, classification, comparison and evaluation.
At postgraduate level literature reviews can be incorporated into an article, a research report or thesis.