Workload sharing and prioritizing of the team's task over other obligations are indicators for the effort team members exert on the common task. In order to achieve high teamwork quality and avoid conflict among team members, it is important for everyone in the team to know and accept the work norms concerning sufficient effort. A lack of openness within a team (i.e., holding back important information) hinders the most fundamental function of teamwork, namely the integration of team members' knowledge and experience on their common task.
Workload sharing and prioritizing of the team's task over other obligations are indicators for the effort team members exert on the common task.
Each teamwork quality facet is described in more detail below.
Communication provides a means for the exchange of information among team members.
One important component of the quality of collaboration in teams is the harmonization and synchronization of these individual contributions. Organzational demography: The differential effects of age and tenure distributions on technical communication. This material has been reproduced with the permission of the copyright owner.
To do this effectively and efficiently, teams need to agree on common schedules, budgets, and deliverables. Unauthorized reproduction of this material is strictly prohibited.
How does the project's task innovativeness come into play? This study and others have repeatedly demonstrated that smaller teams perform better teamwork.
Yet many teams end up fairly large, for a number of reasons.Teams differ with regard to the quality of their collaborative team process.Following Hoegl & Gemuenden (2001), the quality of teamwork, however, can be perceived and assessed only indirectly.It would defeat the purpose of teams if some team members could not bring in their views and ideas because others were dominating discussions and decision-making processes. Therefore, it is considered essential to teamwork quality that contributions to the team task are balanced with respect to each member's specific knowledge and experience. Six facets of the collaborative work process in teams comprehensively describe the quality of teamwork.These six facets—communication, coordination, balance of member contributions, mutual support, effort, and cohesion—comprise performance relevant measures of team internal processes.Some of the main reasons will be discussed, along with ways to keep teams small.This study's findings have been reported in several publications, and this manuscript draws from such prior works (Hoegl, 2005; Hoegl, Ernst, & Proserpio, 2007; Hoegl & Gemuenden, 2001; Hoegl & Parboteeah, 2007; Hoegl, Parboteeah, & Gemuenden, 2003; Hoegl & Proserpio, 2004).Hence, the following discussions start with asking what is good teamwork, leading to a brief discussion of assessing teamwork quality by means of its six facets.This is followed by a discussion when teamwork quality matters most. The paper concludes with one key driver of teamwork quality, that is., team size.