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(You may use the Word Count tool in the Tools menu in MS Word to count the words in your abstract.) Typically the Abstract is placed on its own page, before the first page of the report.In the interest of saving paper, however, the 2.671 Journal Article Introduction can immediately follow the Abstract on the same page (numbered 1).
Failing to provide a mini-context for the methods themselves, how you achieved your calculations: [In order] to . An example of this type of apparatus figure Figure 1: Experimental apparatus for performing sound analysis experiments.
The function of each part of the apparatus shown is described in the text.
Explain the motivation for the project (as necessary), and provide a focus, a clear, one sentence purpose statement.
Format: The length of the Introduction should typically be about page (1-3 paragraphs).
Tip: Because headings and subheadings vary according to each experiment, the guidelines for this section of your report cover solely the few pieces that appear in every journal article. The experimental procedure section includes a description of the apparatus.
DO NOT label these subsections as Apparatus and Methodinstead assign unique subheadings that correspond to your intellectual and technical approach and incorporate the description of apparatus and your methods into each subheading. A block diagram and/or photograph of the apparatus must be included.
Pitfalls to avoid: Providing too little or too much information. Write your description of the apparatus in present tense, since presumably the apparatus still exists!
Writing strictly in chronological order (alternatives: most important steps first, most fundamental steps first, etc.). Format: If a photograph is used, important elements of the apparatus must be clearly labeled.
Tip: Because writers consider the abstract the most difficult and important piece of their papers, abstracts are always written AFTER you have written your ENTIRE report.
Save time at the end of your process to write a credible abstract.