The Literature Review connects your ideas to the ideas in your field.
A literature review surveys scholarly articles, books, dissertations, conference proceedings and other resources which are relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory and provides context for a dissertation by identifying past research.
A systematic literature review is a review where all procedures are documented – the research audit trail of databases and search terms used is made explicit.
Systematic reviews were originally developed in the field of medicine, through the Cochrane Collaboration (Hemsley-Brown and Oplatka, 2006).
A fourth type, the systematic review, is often classified separately, but is essentially a literature review focused on a research question, trying to identify, appraise, select and synthesize all high-quality research evidence and arguments relevant to that question.
A meta-analysis is typically a systematic review using statistical methods to effectively combine the data used on all selected studies to produce a more reliable result.
Your attitude towards works that you present, either in support or against your topic, through the use of reporting verbs which allow the writer to convey clearly whether the claims in the outside work are to be taken as accepted or not.
Use reporting verbs to indicate Through citations, situate your research in a larger narrative.
Research tells a story and the existing literature helps us identify where we are in the story currently.
It is up to those writing a dissertation to continue that story with new research and new perspectives but they must first be familiar with the story before they can move forward.