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The structure of the work reflects this cyclic arrangement.It begins with God and his existence in Question 2.Hence follows predestination: from eternity some are destined to eternal life, while as concerns others "he permits some to fall short of that end".
The arguments from authority, or sed contra arguments, are almost entirely based on citations from these authors.
Some were called by special names: The structure of the Summa Theologiae is meant to reflect the cyclic nature of the cosmos, in the sense of the emission and return of the Many from and to the One in Platonism, cast in terms of Christian theology: The procession of the material universe from divine essence, the culmination of creation in man, and the motion of man back towards God by way of Christ and the Sacraments.
Since no man on his own can truly live the perfect ethical life (and therefore reach God), it was necessary that a perfect man bridge the gap between God and man. The third part of the Summa, therefore, deals with the life of Christ.
In order to follow the way prescribed by this perfect man, in order to live with God's grace (which is necessary for man's salvation), the Sacraments have been provided; the final part of the Summa considers the Sacraments.
The Summa Theologiae (written 1265–1274 and also known as the Summa Theologica or simply the Summa) is the best-known work of Thomas Aquinas (c. Although unfinished, the Summa is "one of the classics of the history of philosophy and one of the most influential works of Western literature." It is intended as an instructional guide for theology students, including seminarians and the literate laity.
It is a compendium of all of the main theological teachings of the Catholic Church.
The following is from the New Schaff–Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge (a public-domain work): St.
Thomas's greatest work was the Summa, and it is the fullest presentation of his views.
Questions, in turn, are subdivided into 3,125 Articles.
"Questions" are specific topics of discussion, while their articles are even more specific questions, facets of the parent question.