The methodology section of a research paper answers two main questions: How was the data collected or generated? The writing should be direct and precise and always written in the past tense.
The introduction to your methodology section should begin by restating the research problem and underlying assumptions underpinning your study.
This is followed by situating the methods you will use to gather, analyze, and process information within the overall “tradition” of your field of study and within the particular research design you have chosen to study the problem.
If the method you choose lies outside of the tradition of your field [i.e., your review of the literature demonstrates that the method is not commonly used], provide a justification for how your choice of methods specifically addresses the research problem in ways that have not been utilized in prior studies.: Once you have written all of the elements of the methods section, subsequent revisions should focus on how to present those elements as clearly and as logically as possibly.
The description of how you prepared to study the research problem, how you gathered the data, and the protocol for analyzing the data should be organized chronologically.