Howeverm he also maintain that in order for the soul to govern the body, it must prompt regulating behaviour to satisfy the body's needs/desires. We do not understand this fully, and Socrates think that the body becomes greedy in its demands on the soul to satisfy its desires.He thinks that only true philosophers are able to put these urges into context and only partially satisfy them, e.g. If we take Socrates at his word, does this mean that one ignores or only partially fulfils one's bodily urges? Conclusion If one can call into question Socrates' theory of the forms and argument from recollection, then it follows that his defence to Simmias' objections is, in fact, flawed.Also be able to lodge a serious objection against the argument.
After an interval of some months or years, and at Phlius, a town of Peloponnesus, the tale of the last hours of Socrates is narrated to Echecrates and other Phliasians by Phaedo the 'beloved disciple.' The Dialogue necessarily takes the form of a narrative, because Socrates has to be described acting as well as speaking.
The minutest particulars of the event are interesting to distant friends, and the narrator has an equal interest in them.
The aspects he talks of - anger, fear, desire - are the very things he described in Republic as the inferior components of the soul.
Does this, then, contradict this defence and suggest that the soul and body are, in effect, similar entities since they contain the same components? desire) mean that it would do what it wanted, despite what the soul (reason) said.
Can one then assume that it is Simmias who has the stronger of the two arguments?
His idea of 'attunement' would seem to suggest that the soul and body can coincide in harmony with each other, while Socrates chooses to dwell on the conflict that he feels is always present as the soul struggles for supremacy.Also be able to lodge a serious objection against the argument. At 85d-86e, Simmias presents a "soul a as type of harmony" objection against Socrates' doctrine of the immortality of the soul.Immediately after, Cebes presents another objection against the doctrine that seems to anticipate--at least a wee bit--a sort of "conservation of energy" principle.During the voyage of the sacred ship to and from Delos, which has occupied thirty days, the execution of Socrates has been deferred. Mem.) The time has been passed by him in conversation with a select company of disciples.But now the holy season is over, and the disciples meet earlier than usual in order that they may converse with Socrates for the last time.Be able to explain these objections and Socrates' responses to them.Are Socrates' responses to the objections adequate? (Recall our discussion of the doctrine in Plato's ).Be able to present and explain the argument in as clear a manner as possible.The Heraclitean "opposites generate opposites" principle plays a salient role in the argument.So does the Doctrine of Learning as Recollection conjoined with a reincarnation thesis.