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The final paragraph or sentences of your introduction should forecast your main arguments and conclusions and provide a brief description of the rest of the paper [the "roadmap"] that let's the reader know where you are going and what to expect.A roadmap is important because it helps the reader place the research problem within the context of their own perspectives about the topic.Considering this, it is clear that the title of your paper is the most important determinant of how many people will read it.1] Keep it simple, brief and attractive: The primary function of a title is to provide a precise summary of the paper’s content. Use active verbs instead of complex noun-based phrases, and avoid unnecessary details.
For example, a delimitating statement could read, "Although many factors can be understood to impact the likelihood young people will vote, this study will focus on socioeconomic factors related to the need to work full-time while in school." The point is not to document every possible delimiting factor, but to highlight why previously researched issues related to the topic were not addressed. Not only do you clearly establish what you intend to accomplish in your research, but you should also include a declaration of what the study does not intend to cover. The Structure, Format, Content, and Style of a Journal-Style Scientific Paper. For example, a study that investigates coffee cultivation and export in West Africa as a key stimulus for local economic growth needs to describe the beginning of exporting coffee in the region and establishing why economic growth is important.
In the latter case, your exclusionary decisions should be based upon criteria understood as, "not interesting"; "not directly relevant"; “too problematic because..."; "not feasible," and the like. Delimitations refer to the initial choices made about the broader, overall design of your study and should not be confused with documenting the limitations of your study discovered after the research has been completed.: Do not view delimitating statements as admitting to an inherent failing or shortcoming in your research. You do not need to give a long historical explanation about coffee exports in Africa.
However, other lesser-known or specific abbreviations and jargon that would not be immediately familiar to the readers should be left out.
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Think of the structure of the introduction as an inverted triangle of information that lays a foundation for understanding the research problem.
Organize the information so as to present the more general aspects of the topic early in the introduction, then narrow your analysis to more specific topical information that provides context, finally arriving at your research problem and the rationale for studying it [often written as a series of key questions to be addressed or framed as a hypothesis or set of assumptions to be tested] and, whenever possible, a description of the potential outcomes your study can reveal. Centre for Applied Linguistics, University of Warwick; Samraj, B.It might come as a surprise to most people that an author, having successfully written a detailed account of his/her research study, experiences a block while attempting to title the research paper.However, most authors, by virtue of possessing comprehensive details of the research paper, are perplexed with regard to how to make their research paper title concise without sacrificing any relevant elements.After you complete writing the body of the paper, go back and review introductory descriptions of the structure of the paper, the method of data gathering, the reporting and analysis of results, and the conclusion. Also, placed in the context of a particular discipline, a term or concept may have a different meaning than what is found in a general dictionary.Reviewing and, if necessary, rewriting the introduction ensures that it correctly matches the overall structure of your final paper. If you feel that you must seek out an authoritative definition, use a subject specific dictionary or encyclopedia [e.g., if you are a sociology student, search for dictionaries of sociology].It establishes the scope, context, and significance of the research being conducted by summarizing current understanding and background information about the topic, stating the purpose of the work in the form of the research problem supported by a hypothesis or a set of questions, explaining briefly the methodological approach used to examine the research problem, highlighting the potential outcomes your study can reveal, and outlining the remaining structure and organization of the paper.According to Reyes, there are three overarching goals of a good introduction: 1) ensure that you summarize prior studies about the topic in a manner that lays a foundation for understanding the research problem; 2) explain how your study specifically addresses gaps in the literature, insufficient consideration of the topic, or other deficiency in the literature; and, 3) note the broader theoretical, empirical, and/or policy contributions and implications of your research.In other words, not only should you tell the reader what it is you are studying and why, but you must also acknowledge why you rejected alternative approaches that could have been used to examine the topic. " An equally important question to ask yourself is, "When do I begin?Obviously, the first limiting step was the choice of research problem itself. " Research problems in the social sciences rarely rest in isolation from history.They are an accepted element of academic writing intended to keep the reader focused on the research problem by explicitly defining the conceptual boundaries and scope of your study. If a research problem requires a substantial exploration of the historical context, do this in the literature review section.It addresses any critical questions in the reader's mind of, "Why the hell didn't the author examine this? In your introduction, make note of this as part of the "roadmap" [see below] that you use to describe the organization of your paper.