Scientific Inquiry Essay

Scientific Inquiry Essay-73
All scientists practice scientific thinking, of course, since they are actively studying nature and investigating the universe by using the scientific method.But scientific thinking is not reserved solely for scientists.In other words, science is a method of discovering reliable knowledge about nature.

All scientists practice scientific thinking, of course, since they are actively studying nature and investigating the universe by using the scientific method.But scientific thinking is not reserved solely for scientists.In other words, science is a method of discovering reliable knowledge about nature.

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These three ideas or principles are universal throughout science; without them, there would be no scientific or critical thinking. Empirical evidence is evidence that one can see, hear, touch, taste, or smell; it is evidence that is susceptible to one's senses.

Empirical evidence is important because it is evidence that others besides yourself can experience, and it is repeatable, so empirical evidence can be checked by yourself and others after knowledge claims are made by an individual.

Science is a method that allows a person to possess, with the highest degree of certainty possible, reliable knowledge (justified true belief) about nature.

The method used to justify scientific knowledge, and thus make it reliable, is called the scientific method.

Reliable knowledge is knowledge that has a high probablility of being true because its veracity has been justified by a reliable method.

Reliable knowledge is sometimes called justified true belief, to distinguish reliable knowledge from belief that is false and unjustified or even true but unjustified.

(Please note that I do not, as some do, make a distinction between belief and knowledge; I think that what one believes is one's knowledge.

The important distinction that should be made is whether one's knowledge or beliefs are true and, if true, are justifiably true.) Every person has knowledge or beliefs, but not all of each person's knowledge is reliably true and justified.

The important point is this: critical thinking is perhaps the most important skill a student can learn in school and college, since if you master its skills, you know how to think successfully and reach reliable conclusions, and such ability will prove valuable in any human endeavor, including the humanities, social sciences, commerce, law, journalism, and government, as well as in scholarly and scientific pursuits.

Since critical thinking and scientific thinking are, as I claim, the same thing, only applied for different purposes, it is therefore reasonable to believe that if one learns scientific thinking in a science class, one learns, at the same time, the most important skill a student can possess--critical thinking.

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