In Both movies Romeo chased Tybalt and challenged him to a duel, but in the original, it was Tybalt who attacked Romeo.
Romeo was defending himself when he killed Tybalt, so he was in a good position in the eyes of the 16th century law system.
However the romance is brought into scene three, because of the fight between Romeo, Mercutio and Tybalt in Luhrmann’s version made it feel more important and noticeable.
These alterations of the script by Luhrmann made the film more like a modern drama and considerably different to the Zefferelli version.
The props were then updated from the 1600s to their modern-day equivalent, guns, and the coastal area was re-named "Verona Beach".
Even though Zefferelli chose a more classical setting, he still changed some of the scenery.Luhrmann was trying to produce a marketable, popular version of Romeo and Juliet.Baz Luhrmann created his movie in 1997 with Leonardo Di Caprio and Claire Danes taking the lead roles, he used young and popular, successful actors, to ensure the film’s marketability.Zefferelli didn’t change the play much; it was aimed at people who wanted a film that was basically the same as the play, but with better scenery and cuts.Even though the play was meant for all audiences to enjoy it, generally Zefferelli aimed at adults like the play did.Because the films were created twenty-nine years apart and both writers wanted to appeal to different audiences, the films contrasted greatly.The most evident differences between the two movies were the settings and props.These were mainly minor changes in outdoor scenes that couldn't be exactly simulated on a stage.Some of the scenes weren't even in the written text, such as Romeo and Balthasar galloping from Mantua, and others, such as the large peasant-filled Verona Square, could have been depicted more authentically.Franco Zefferelli, however, created his film in 1970, starring Leonardo Whitting and Olivia Hussey, focusing on how well the actors played the part of the character, as he wanted to keep the originality of the play.Clever film techniques were used in Luhrmann’s film, for example at a very emotional moment, when Tybalt dies, the camera tilts down to see the gun in Romeo’s hand, and stays there for an extended time, which is very symbolic as it makes you think about what the gun can do and you see the virgin Mary on the side of it, the whole film pauses for a second so that everyone can contemplate on what just happened.