Research Paper Swimming

Research Paper Swimming-3
The results demonstrated that sea bathing doubled the odds of reporting general ear ailments, and the odds of reporting earache specifically rose by 77%.For gastrointestinal illnesses, the odds increased by 29%.All the studies were conducted in high-income countries since 1961.

The results demonstrated that sea bathing doubled the odds of reporting general ear ailments, and the odds of reporting earache specifically rose by 77%.For gastrointestinal illnesses, the odds increased by 29%.All the studies were conducted in high-income countries since 1961.

And that’s the real danger: not the pool chemicals themselves, but how they mix with other chemicals that people bring to the water.

Urine, along with body care products like shampoos, lotions and conditioners, interacts with chlorine to form volatile organic compounds that can be unhealthy to breathe.“After the chlorine reacts, you create a whole spectrum of potentially dangerous molecules,” said Andrew Chadeayne, a former college swimmer and a patent lawyer with a doctorate in chemistry.

We think that this indicates that pollution is still an issue affecting swimmers in some of the world's richest countries." Despite significant investment resulting in an improvement water quality in recent years, seawater is still polluted from sources including industrial waste, sewage and run-off from farmland.

The researchers whittled down more than 6,000 studies to 19 studies which met the strict criteria for inclusion in the meta-analysis, designed to establish robust research evidence.

The following factors were taken into account: study outcome (authors’ conclusion, data-based conclusion), other content-related article characteristics (article type, sample size, research quality, specificity), content-unrelated article characteristics (language, publication title, funding source, number of authors, number of affiliations, number of references, journal impact factor), author characteristics (gender, country, affiliation), and citation characteristics (time to citation, authority, self-citation).

To assess the impact of these factors on citation, we performed a series of univariate and adjusted random-effects logistic regressions, with potential citation path as unit of analysis.

Many of the studies included recruited thousands of participants.

The number of people analysed in total exceeded 120,000.

“The ones we know about are irritating to eyes and the respiratory system.” He invented a product called Swim Spray that is designed to remove the coating of chemicals that swimming in chlorinated pools can leave behind. Stewart noted that despite the risks, smelling like chlorine is a “badge of honor” for most swimmers.

He said there’s no conclusive evidence that exposure to these compounds might lead to serious problems, such as cancer, but “the other thing to really worry about is a lot of them have never been studied at all.”At outdoor pools, these compounds usually blow away with the wind; indoor pools need good ventilation systems, said Dr. “If you can smell the pool strongly, you’re not smelling the pool, you’re smelling those derivatives,” he said. The Olympic relay gold medalist and freestyle champion Caeleb Dressel was whisked away from a 2013 swim meet in an ambulance after inhaling too many fumes from a poorly ventilated indoor pool, said Mel Stewart, a two-time Olympic swimmer who now runs a swimming website called Swim The other issue with chlorine is that, although it can be extremely effective in killing germs, it doesn’t kill every germ right away.

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