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Different families use different strategies to cope with their responsibilities." A Gallup poll in 2015 showed how women's desire for paid work outside the home change with the birth of a child.According to the poll, "More than half of women, 56 percent, who have a child younger than 18 would ideally like to stay home and care for their house and family, while 58 percent of those without young children would rather work outside the home.And just over a third of mothers married to men earning less than ,000 a year are not in the workforce.
Wang and her co-author, institute research fellow Robert Ver Bruggen, analyzed data from the 2017 American Community Survey to look specifically at working patterns for married couples who are parents.
They limited their analysis to women whose husbands work full time, year-round.
In reality, though, 45 percent of married mothers work full time and 26 percent work part time.
Married mothers with young children are the group least likely to work full time, the new IFS report finds.
It makes more economic sense for them to stay at home — and I am sure that some want to," Wang said.
The 2018 Global Family & Gender Survey from the Institute for Family Studies and Wheatley Institution reached a similar conclusion.SALT LAKE CITY — Among married moms, the wealthy and the poor are more likely to join the ranks of stay-at-home moms than are middle-class moms.But the reasons behind the decision to work for pay outside the home rather than stay home with kids varies greatly between the have-lots and have-nots.The mean household income for husbands in the analysis was ,000.“I think many Americans think, based on the popularity of shows like 'The Real Housewives of Beverly Hills,' that stay-at-home mothers are the preserve of the rich.– Wendy Wang, director of research at the institute and co-author of the report, "The Real Housewives of America: Dad's Income and Mom's Work." "Circumstances change when you have a child," said Wang."Then couples make the decision on what works for their families.For less-educated women, child care may be hard to find and expensive relative to what they can earn, so for many it makes more sense to stay home with the kids.On the other side of the income scale, wealthy couples have more choice, Wang said.Mother's education is a proxy for her earning capacity, the researchers note, adding that despite the U-shaped curve, mothers who have an advanced degree are the most likely to be in the labor force.Wang interprets that to mean that when couples decide whether a mother will work, "opportunity costs play a role," too.