To reach their goal, papers must aim to inform, not impress.They must be highly readable — that is, clear, accurate, and concise.Tags: Writing A Case Study AnalysisTexas A&M Thesis LibraryWriting An Essay Based On A PictureIon Beam Sputtering ThesisCollege Essay Examples Ivy LeagueCity College Mfa Creative WritingShort Essay AntonymsWays Conclude Research PaperContingency Plan Template For A Small Business
In a sense, they reveal the beginning and end of the story — briefly — before providing the full story.
Second, they move the more detailed, less important parts of the body to the end of the paper in one or more appendices so that these parts do not stand in the readers' way.
Thus, as you organize the body of your paper into sections and perhaps subsections, remember to prepare your readers for the structure ahead at all levels. To make this section interesting, explain the choices you made in your experimental procedure: What justifies using a given compound, concentration, or dimension?
You already do so for the overall structure of the body (the sections) in the object of the document at the end of the Introduction. What is special, unexpected, or different in your approach?
To spark interest among your audience — referees and journal readers alike — provide a compelling motivation for the work presented in your paper: The fact that a phenomenon has never been studied before is not, in and of itself, a reason to study that phenomenon.
Problem Solving Involving Fractions - Research Paper Intro Example
Write the context in a way that appeals to a broad range of readers and leads into the need.You may also want to anchor your context in space (either geographically or within a given research field).Convey the need for the work as an opposition between actual and desired situations.(Papers reporting something other than experiments, such as a new method or technology, typically have different sections in their body, but they include the same Introduction and Conclusion sections as described above.) Although the above structure reflects the progression of most research projects, effective papers typically break the chronology in at least three ways to present their content in the order in which the audience will most likely want to read it.First and foremost, they summarize the motivation for, and the outcome of, the work in an abstract, located before the Introduction.One elegant way to express the desired part of the need is to combine it with the task in a single sentence.This sentence expresses first the objective, then the action undertaken to reach this objective, thus creating a strong and elegant connection between need and task.For the task, the effects of a range of inhibitors of connexin channels, such as the connexin mimetic peptides Gap26 and Gap27 and anti-peptide antibodies, on calcium signaling in cardiac cells and He La cells expressing connexins. In any case, the paragraphs in these sections should begin with a topic sentence to prepare readers for their contents, allow selective reading, and — ideally — get a message across.Even the most logical structure is of little use if readers do not see and understand it as they progress through a paper. Most Materials and Methods sections are boring to read, yet they need not be.Write four components, probably (but not necessarily) in four paragraphs: context, need, task, and object of the document.At the beginning of the Introduction section, the context and need work together as a funnel: They start broad and progressively narrow down to the issue addressed in the paper.