, edited by Nicolas Slonimsky, Laura Kuhn, and Dennis Mc Intire, 1,595 pages (New York: Schirmer, 1997) An important single-volume reference work, this solidly written and researched tome, edited by Nicolas Slonimsky, follows the same format as Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians but profiles the most influential musicians of the 20th century. (Detroit, Mich.: Gale Group, 2010) With 68 volumes and counting, this cumulative reference series thoroughly profi les more than 4,500 important musicians from all genres of music—blues, classical, country, folk, gospel, jazz, New Age, rap, rock, and more. The series has since been updated in a fi fth concise edition by London’s Omnibus Press.As part of your preliminary research to find appropriate resources for your topic, information source and research guides are available at most public and academic libraries and are keyword searchable through your library’s online catalog (to search and locate guides, enter your “subject” followed by these keywords one search at a time: “information sources,” “reference sources,” and “research guide”).Printed guides available for this subject area include , 4th ed., by Vincent H. For serious study or a research paper, thousands of reliable resources chronicle everything there is to know about music: the distinctive styles and movements, the world-famous composers, performers, and musical groups, the top-charting songs and recordings, the historical periods and major events, and more.Most of it is available at a library in print or electronic form or on the Internet.Most online library indexes and abstracts and full-text article databases offer basic and advanced “keyword” searching of virtually every subject.In this case, combine keyword terms that best define your thesis question or topic using the Boolean search method (employing “and” or “or”) to find research most suitable to your research paper topic.s, 2nd ed., edited by Stanley Sadie, 29 vols., 25,000 pages (New York: Oxford University Press, 2001) With more than 29,000 entries, this thoroughly updated 29-volume set with index offers comprehensive coverage of world and popular music, packed with information on 20th-century artists, composers, musical history, and much more.Included are discussions of all styles and forms of music—from jazz to rock—and musical instruments written by more than 70 experts in each field. (New York: Garland, 1997–1978.) This ambitious reference series fully examines the cultural appeal of music around the world by topic, by region, and by ethnic group., 9th ed., edited by Nicolas Slonimsky, 6 vols., 4,220 pages (New York: Schirmer Books, 2001) Music’s most comprehensive biographical dictionary ever written, this extensively updated and expanded, six-volume edition contains more than 15,000 brief biographies of composers, musicians, and performers from every genre, including more than 3,000 new additions contributed by editors and leading specialists. Praised by The London Times as “absolutely invaluable . Featured from cover to cover are expertly written biographies of more than 14,000 artists.Famed music writer Theodore Baker originally wrote this popular reference in 1900, followed by esteemed musicologist and editor Nicolas Slonimsky—from the fifth through eighth editions—who died in 1995. (Detroit, Mich.: Gale Group, 2003) Chronicles more than 550 personalities in rock, pop, hip-hop, blues, electronica, musical theater, soundtrack, classical, country, R&B, jazz, folk, Latin, and world music. Each entry includes vital information of interest to music scholars, music lovers, and researchers—critical discographies, record titles and release dates, key dates, and assessments of each artist’s contributions.