Religion And War Research Paper

Religion And War Research Paper-34
However, whenever, they wanted to use these ulema for their political interest; they asked them to issue fatwa in their favour, which they obliged with pleasure.We find that how these ulema religiously justified the Persian court ceremonies of prostration before the ruler, kissing his feet or hands and address him with high-sounding titles.However, with the change of time there are new challenges and a religion has to respond them for its survival.

However, whenever, they wanted to use these ulema for their political interest; they asked them to issue fatwa in their favour, which they obliged with pleasure.We find that how these ulema religiously justified the Persian court ceremonies of prostration before the ruler, kissing his feet or hands and address him with high-sounding titles.

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It removed business hurdles and the merchant and industrial classes flourished. The Abbasid period In the Islamic history, conflict between religion and politics settled after the Abbasid revolution (750. D.) when the Iranians, who made the revolution a success and subsequently assumed position of power and authority in the government administration, formulated the state policy of their liking.

They wanted to make the Abbasid Caliph just like the Persian monarch having absolute political power with religious authority: a combination of temporal and spiritual powers.

He is not under the control of divinity to remain submissive and inactive.

On the contrary, he is supposed to initiate and plan to build a society according to his vision.

On the other hand, rulers also adopted a policy of conciliation toward then.

They showed outward respect to them; invited them to their court to deliver sermons and ask for their advice on important issues.Once the process was complete, it became in possible for orthodoxy to give any place to new ideas and new thinking.It was believed that any change in the structure would weaken its base.There are three models in history related to religion and politics.The study of beginning and spread of any religion shows that every religion is started in particular space and time; therefore, main focus of its teachings is the solution of existing problems.With the passage of time, a stage comes when a religion fails to respond challenges of its time and finds hardly any space to adjust according to new environments.For example, in case of Islam, it took nearly two and a half centuries to complete its orthodoxy.This is the reason why in some societies religion is separated from politics and economics and it no more enjoys the domination over the society, which it did in the medieval period.The characteristic of three reactions may be defined as aggressive, compromising, and separatist respectively.There are groups of people in every society who want change in their practical life but at the same time they desire not to abandon religion.These people become supporters of new interpretation of religion that suits their way of life. Therefore, we find that in every religion, there are new sects, which fulfill the demands of a group of people within a span of time and then disappear in oblivion of history. For example, in the Christianity, when bourgeoisie wanted religious sanction of interest, Calvin (d.1594) a religious reformer, allowed it on the basis of religion. Tawney, in his classical book ‘Religion and Rise of Capitalism’ rightly says, I.

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