In his second inaugural address he spoke of reconciliation.
But when he was assassinated in April 1865 much changed.
The period of Reconstruction took place in the southern United States from the end of the Civil War in 1865 until 1877.
The era was marked by intense controversies, which included the impeachment of a president, outbreaks of racial violence, and the passage of Constitutional amendments.
He said that any southerner who took an oath to the Union would be given a pardon.
He also said that if 10% of the voters in a state supported the Union, then a state could be readmitted.
Popular sentiment in the region was obviously opposed to the political party which had been led by Abraham Lincoln.
Reconstruction was, and remains, a highly controversial subject.
These laws caused a lot of conflict between the North and the South as they tried to reunite after the Civil War.
New Amendments to the Constitution To help with the Reconstruction and to protect the rights of all people, three amendments were added to the US Constitution: Rejoining the Union New governments were formed in the South starting in 1865.