Even as he extols what he called "the great and crescive self," he dramatizes and records its vicissitudes.
Here are all the indispensable and most renowned works, including "The American Scholar" ("our intellectual Declaration of Independence," as Oliver Wendell Holmes called it), "The Divinity School Address," considered atheistic by many of his listeners, the summons to "Self-Reliance," along with the more embattled realizations of "Circles" and, especially, "Experience." Here, too, are his wide-ranging portraits of Montaigne, Shakespeare, and other "representative men," and his astute observations on the habits, lives, and prospects of the English and American people.
Ralph Waldo Emerson, pogrešno je Ralf Valdo Emerson; Boston, 25. april 1882), bio je američki filozof, esejista i pesnik.
Po svojim idejama i uticaju središnja je ličnost američkog intelektualnog života u 19. Njegovo predavanje pod naslovom Američki učenjak nazvano je „intelektualnom Deklaracijom nezavisnosti“. Smatrao je da je pesnikova uloga da nam pomogne uvideti ono stalno u onomu što je promenjivo i prolazno.
Objavio je knjige Ugledni ljudi i Engleske značajke, te zbirke eseja Provođenje života, Društvo i osama, Priroda i Ogledi.
Our most eloquent champion of individualism, Emerson acknowledges at the same time the countervailing pressures of society in American life.This volume includes Emerson's well-known Nature; Addresses, and Lectures (1849), his Essays: First Series (1841) and Essays: Second Series (1844), plus Representative Men (1850), English Traits (1856), and his later book of essays, The Conduct of Life (1860).These are the works that established Emerson's colossal reputation in America and found him admirers abroad as diverse as Carlyle, Nietzsche, and Proust.Nature (1836), his first published work, contained the essence of his transcendental philosophy , which views the world of phenomena as a sort of symbol of the inner life and emphasizes individual freedom and self-reliance.Emerson's address to the Phi Beta Kappa society of Harvard (1837) and another address to the graduating class of the Harvard Divinity School (1838) applied his doctrine to the scholar and the clergyman, provoking sharp controversy.A group that gathered around Emerson in Concord came to be known as "the Concord school," and included Bronson Alcott, Henry David Thoreau, Nathaniel Hawthorne, and Margaret Fuller.Every year Emerson made a lecture tour; and these lectures were the source of most of his essays.In 1826 he was "approbated to preach," and in 1829 became pastor of the Scond Church (Unitarian) in Boston.That same year he married Ellen Louise Tucker, who was to die of tuberculosis only seventeen months later.An ardent abolitionist, Emerson lectured and wrote widely against slavery from the 1840's through the Civil War.His principal publications include two volumes of Essays (1841, 1844), Poems (1847), Representative Men (1850), The Conduct of Life (1860), and Society and Solitude (1870).