Helen mentions that “Tolkien could not bear such a negative association,” perhaps explaining Tolkien’s depiction of elves as brave, good creatures.
In this summary, I have included the main ideas of the article, one paraphrase, and one direct quote.
It might be helpful to quote or paraphrase specific lines that contribute to the main themes of such a work.
Here is an example of me summarizing the news article on Tolkien: , he discusses the importance of digitizing an early English text.
I have condensed a six-paragraph article into one single paragraph.
As for giving source credit, since I name the author and title of the source at the beginning of the paragraph, I don’t need an in-text citation.
At some points, you will want concrete, firm evidence. At other times, you will want general support for an argument, but the text that includes such support is long-winded. Finally, sometimes you may need to mention an entire book or article because it is so full of evidence to support your points.
In these cases, it is wise to take a few sentences or even a full paragraph to summarize the source.
If I were to paraphrase a section of the Tolkien news report I mentioned earlier, I might write something like this: You’ll notice a couple of things here.
One, there are no quotation marks, but there is still an in-text citation (the name in parentheses).