subsections of the literature review could be numbered 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, etc. Unlike the abstract, this is not a summary of everything you are about to say: you can afford to grab your readers’ attention.
Make a surprise beginning, perhaps a quote from someone who inspires you on this topic, and show your knowledge of the research area (include if you like your previous research experience in this field: you can afford to be personal in this section) and why it is relevant to today’s world.
This is the section that requires the most preliminary research: make sure you spend some time in an academic library and using search engines for relevant academic papers before presenting this.
You do not need to discuss every work in your area, but you need to present a competent outline, and, especially if this is a proposal for doctoral research, you need to be sure that no-one else has already done the same project.
Panda Tip: Depending on the length of your research proposal, you may wish to include a contents page for the proposal itself (not for your main research project: suggested contents for this is included in your Proposed Chapter Outline, section 9), as follows (add page numbers / subsections when you know them, depending on your research).
As you introduce sub-sections into your different sections, number them accordingly e.g.Your academic institution may have a preferred format for the title, or even a title page. If there is no preferred format, keep it simple and clear, and use a ‘serif’ font that is easily legible. This summarises the central theme of your research.For this, try to use concise and clipped language, which is academic without being over-wordy and verbose.This is where you sell your research proposal to the reader.You need to explain, clearly and simply, how your research will complement the field you have just described in your literature review: what you will add, how it fills an existing gap, why the academic world would benefit from your research, etc.A good way of presenting a literature review coherently is in the form of a narrative, which can either be chronological or thematic.Example There has been a Panda Tip: Length varies, but probably similar length to literature review.Panda Tip: While this document has the form of a sample, the main body of an academic proposal needs to be based on your research idea: all the rest of the content needs to flow from that if it is to be academically credible.The notes and guide that form most of the words in this template are more important than the sentences to fill in.Often, the less ‘filler’ in an academic proposal, the better, as this means it is clear to your readers that your work is content-oriented.Often, the title of a subsection will be enough to introduce it. Panda Tip: From here onwards, this sample is split into 13 sections according to the sections that should be included in an academic research proposal.