In Human development Report, Pakistan is placed at 134th position out of 177 countries of the world and education is a major indicator in human development index.
It enhances human status and leads everyone to respectability.
Education has been accorded great importance in every religion and society. The first word of the Holy Quran was IQRA (READ) and Holy prophet (S A W) said “Education is mandatory for men and women.” The above Hadith does not discriminating gender that means it is not only mandatory for men but also for women.
Whatever strategies have been applied failed to promote the rational and critical thinking skills amongst the students.
Because there is a need to continuously update the syllabus because if it goes old, it does not prepare the beneficiaries with the salable skills and expertise.
In contrast in developed countries it is almost 100%.
In the sphere of higher education only 3.7% of Pakistani youth of 18 to 23 age group is enrolled this is also very low as compare to other developing countries as India has 7% while Malaysia has 12%.
Article 26 of the UNs ‘Universal Declaration of Human Rights’ reads: “Everyone have the right to education”.
It is the second objective in UNs Millennium Development Goals (UNMDGs) which requires education for all (EFA) by year 2015.
Since the 2001, the Ministry of Education has developed a number of policy documents including that of National Education policy (2009) but the activities remain focused on paper work more rather than the operationalization.
The simple reason is that the coordination is missing between the federal and provincial governments which cause strong problems in the policy implementation.