They can then try to work out which methods are feasible, and simulate the kinds of compromises that communities and industries in the real world must make to keep the environment livable.
For most exercises (not the scripted ones), there is no "correct" outcome; these scenarios are open-ended.
Bullying is different from other social problems children may face.
For example, while conflict may be solved through negotiation and compromise, bullying cannot because it involves a power imbalance—the bully has more power than the victim.
Some could role-play farmers whose crops need fertilizer.
Others could represent the union of workers from a factory that disposes of waste in the river or people from downstream who no longer have safe drinking water or from the government.
Before the play begins, students should research the topic, study their roles, and have a preliminary knowledge of the context and meaning of the situation presented.
The playing out of the scenario can be relatively unstructured, allowing students to express the perspectives they represent, and how they impact or are impacted by the situation.
Role-play is followed by small group or class discussion to guide and consolidate learning.
Role-play has wide ranging educational applications, from the professions to the humanities, on any topic calling for understanding of diverse perspectives and attitudes.