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When whites re-gained control of Southern states’ governments, they began to enact laws that oppressed blacks through segregation and disenfranchisement.Though the 1875 Civil Rights Act had stated that all races were entitled to equal treatment in public accommodations, an 1883 Supreme Court decision clarified that the law did not apply to private persons or corporations.
Homer Plessy decided to test one of those laws to see if he could change it.
Plessy lived in Louisiana and, like many people there, he was a Creole; he was not completely white and he was not completely African American.
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Many fought for the Brown decision to be passed for example teachers, and industrial workers and many more.
Many African Americans from 1896 to 1954 were fighting for their rights and many cases went to the Supreme Court which was denied. Ferguson case took place in 1896 when a man named Plessy sat in the "White" section of a car in the train. Plessy went to court and argued that the separate cars violated the Fourteenth Amendments of the Constitution. He had previously declared the separate cars were "unconstitutional on trains that traveled through several states." However, in regards to the Plessy trial, he stated that Louisiana could regulate railroad companies that only operated within its state.
Ferguson found Plessy guilty of refusing to leave the white mans car.
Plessy decided to appeal the decision to the Supreme Court of Louisiana.
During Reconstruction, the federal government expanded the vote to blacks in the South, and provided some equal protection to black citizens.
As Reconstruction failed, however, white supremacists began to use violence and intimidation to oppress blacks.