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"Laws permitting, and even requiring (the separation of blacks and whites) in places where they are liable to be brought into contact do not necessarily imply the inferiority of either race to the other..........The argument also assumes that social prejudice may be overcome by legislation, and that equal rights cannot be secured to the Negro except by an enforced commingling of the two races. If the two races are to meet on terms of social equality, it must be the result of natural affinities, a mutual appreciation of each others merits and a voluntary consent of individuals........." (from the United States Supreme Court case of Plessy vs. But how possible is it for two peoples to have a mutual appreciation of each other's merits if everywhere they look around themselves they are told that they cannot ride on the same train car, drink from the same fountain, sit on the same bench, or learn at the same school?
1896 needs to be a constant reminder to the people of our country of the horrible damages done to society when the highest court of law in the land rules against justice and equality. Ferguson was one of a combination of rulings passed by the U. They returned to whites the superiority over blacks that the 13th Amendment had taken away from them after the Civil War. Ferguson was the final step in erasing the policies put in place during Reconstruction.
The Reconstruction Era (1867-1877) was an attempt by the Union to put back together a war-torn South.
This ruling signaled the federal government’s and North’s unwillingness to challenge segregation or the oppression of blacks in the South. Ferguson decision, segregation became even more ensconced through a battery of Southern laws and social customs known as “Jim Crow.” Schools, theaters, restaurants, and transportation cars were segregated.
Poll taxes, literacy requirements, and grandfather clauses not only prevented blacks from voting, but also made them ineligible to serve on jury pools or run for office.
However, when Congress withdrew federal troops from the Southern states in 1887, marking the end of Reconstruction, conditions deteriorated quickly for blacks living there.
When A Man Loves A Woman Movie Essay - Plessy V Ferguson Case Essay
While the 15th Amendment in 1870 had legally given blacks the right to vote, grandfather clauses and poll taxes made it almost impossible for them to exercise this right.
When blacks went to the courts to try to reclaim equality and justice, they were harshly turned away.
In 1878, the United States Supreme Court ruled that segregation on common carriers (such as railway cars and buses) could not be prohibited by state legislatures.
Ferguson decision legalizing segregation and began to pass laws like those in Mississippi, requiring segregation and stating that anyone not following the law could be jailed.
Though the Supreme Court accepted the proposition that these people could maintain their full equality even while being racially separated, Southern states continued to push this ruling further and further.