Miniature Guide To Critical Thinking Concepts And Tools

Miniature Guide To Critical Thinking Concepts And Tools-28
(Critical Thinking for Achieving Positive Results in Health). They question information, conclusions, and points of view. Faculty can use it to design instruction, assignments, and tests in any subject.When this guide is used as a supplement to the textbook in multiple courses, students begin to perceive the usefulness of critical thinking in every domain of learning.

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This miniature guide focuses on of the essence of critical thinking concepts and tools distilled into pocket size.

LIMITED DOWNLOAD COPY The Miniature Guide to Critical Thinking C oncepts and T ools By Dr. Linda Elder The Foundation for Critical Thinking [email protected] LIMITED DOWNLOAD COPY Why A Critical Thinking Mini-Guide?

The Problem: Everyone thinks; it is our nature to do so. What are some of the difficulties we need to deal with? Logic Significance Fairness Does all this make sense together?

But much of our thinking, left to itself, is biased, distorted, partial, uninformed or down-right prejudiced. Breadth Do we need to look at this from another perspective?

The "parts" or elements of thinking are as follows: The intellectual standards that are to these elements are used to determine the quality of reasoning.

Good critical thinking requires having a command of these standards.Excellence in thought, however, must be systematically cultivated. A Definition: Critical thinking is the art of analyzing and evaluating thinking with a view to ­improving it. It requires rigorous standards of excellence and mindful command of their use. It entails effective communication and problem solving abilities and a commitment to overcome our native egocentrism and sociocentrism. Richard Paul Center for Critical Thinking Linda Elder Foundation for Critical Thinking LIMITED DOWNLOAD COPY The Miniature Guide to Critical Thinking Concepts and Tools  Contents Why Critical Thinking? � ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 4 The Elements of Thought� ��������������������������������������������������������������������������� 5 A Checklist for Reasoning���������������������������������������������������������������������������� 6 Questions Using the Elements of Thought������������������������������������������� 8 The Problem of Egocentric Thinking������������������������������������������������������� 9 Universal Intellectual Standards��������������������������������������������������������������10 Template for Analyzing the Logic of Articles and Textbooks��������13 Criteria for Evaluating Reasoning������������������������������������������������������������14 Essential Intellectual Traits � �����������������������������������������������������������������������15 Three Kinds of Questions � �������������������������������������������������������������������������18 A Template for Problem-Solving��������������������������������������������������������������19 Analyzing and Assessing Research � �������������������������������������������������������20 What Critical Thinkers Routinely Do� �����������������������������������������������������21 Stages of Critical Thinking Development� �������������������������������������������22 Fourth Edition © 2006 Foundation for Critical Thinking DOWNLOAD COPY  The Miniature Guide to Critical Thinking Concepts and Tools Why Critical Thinking? What are some of the complexities of this question? © 2006 Foundation for Critical Thinking DOWNLOAD COPY  The Miniature Guide to Critical Thinking Concepts and Tools The Elements of Thought Point of View frame of reference, perspective, orientation Purpose goal, objective Question at issue Implications and Consequences problem, issue Assumptions Information presupposition, taking for granted Concepts data, facts, observations, experiences theories, Interpretation definitions, axioms, and inference laws, principles, conclusions, models solutions Used With Sensitivity to Universal Intellectual Standards Clarity  Accuracy  Depth  Breadth  Significance Precision Relevance © 2006 Foundation for Critical Thinking DOWNLOAD COPY 12 The Miniature Guide to Critical Thinking Concepts and Tools Clarity Could you elaborate further? (Insofar as those assumptions might reasonably be questioned? Concepts: Does the writer clarify key concepts when necessary? Assumptions: Does the writer show a sensitivity to what he or she is taking for granted or assuming? Information: Does the writer cite relevant evidence, experiences, and/or information essential to the issue? Does the writer address the complexities of the issue?

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