Most countries follow a similar format, but there are some differences.
In the USA, for example, Ph D students complete reading assignments and examinations before beginning their research.
The second year is also an important stage for your development as a scholar.
You’ll be well versed in current research and have begun to collect some important data or develop insights of your own.
Higher education had traditionally focussed on mastery of an existing body of scholarship and the highest academic rank available was, appropriately enough, a Masters degree.
As the focus shifted more onto the production of Unlike most Masters courses (or all undergraduate programmes), a Ph D is a pure research degree.With the guidance of your supervisor you’ll begin surveying and evaluating existing scholarship.This will help situate your research and ensure your work is original.But that doesn’t mean you’ll just spend three years locked away in a library or laboratory.In fact, the modern Ph D is a diverse and varied qualification with many different components.You’ll still be having regular meetings with your supervisor.They’ll check your progress, provide feedback on your ideas and probably read any drafts your produce.You can find out more in our guides to Ph D study around the world.The beginning of a Ph D is all about finding your feet as a researcher and getting a solid grounding in the current scholarship that relates to your topic.Ph D stands for 'Doctor of Philosophy' which is an abbreviation of the latin term, (wisdom).Despite its name, the Ph D isn't actually an Ancient Greek degree. The Ph D as we know it was developed in nineteenth-century Germany, alongside the modern research university.