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Further, he had made enemies in the federal government, from the Kennedy brothers (who worried that he pushed for change too quickly) to J.Edgar Hoover, the FBI autocrat who kept a rather extensive file on King, whom Hoover believed to be a Communist. King published several other books, including , which addressed the concerns of his later career. King led the “Selma to Montgomery March” to protest segregationist actions taken by George Wallace.
It was during this first stage of his career as protest leader that Dr.
King established the qualities of his basic approach: nonviolence, the mobilization of black churches, appeals for white allies, and the goal of changing federal law. Supreme Court repealed bus segregation laws in 1956. King was well aware that their success was due in large part to rampant police brutality, the reporting of which stood in stark contrast to images of nonviolent protestors. King worked with several colleagues to form the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), through which he would lead protests and battle against segregation for the rest of his life.
Before moving into the ministry, he attended Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania from 1948 to 1951.
He had been somewhat of an unfocused student at Morehouse, but as he developed his own understanding of theology and religion, he developed into a superlative student, graduating at the top of his class at Crozer. King worked towards his Ph D in systematic theology at Boston University.
And yet while the details of his relatively short life do complicate that mythological portrait, they also paint a picture of a complicated but devoted man whose courage in a conflicted age has inspired such veneration. was named pastor of Ebenezer Baptist Church in 1931.
It was both in the church and from his father that Dr.King had an uneasy alliance with SNCC, which pushed for more militant action than he delivered, but he felt compelled to join them in their efforts when he could.When he was arrested at a SNCC event in Atlanta in 1960, presidential candidate John F. King and the Civil Rights movement, issuing a statement that many believe was instrumental in his narrow victory over Richard Nixon that year. King’s next major battleground was in Albany, GA, which he entered begrudgingly and at the behest of others. King’s two arrests there, the Albany Movement was ultimately a failure, largely because the local sheriff refused to use violence, which would have energized the national consciousness. King left Albany in 1962, leaving many to doubt his relevance to the ongoing struggle.King first came to understand the power of ministry in the black community. King studied at Morehouse College in Atlanta from 1944 through 1948, intending to become a lawyer instead of preacher.His focus at Morehouse, however, convinced him that there was a fierce intellectual approach one could take towards Christianity and its application, and he eventually realized that he could make his mark on the world most effectively as a pastor.The Birmingham victory was followed shortly by another much-publicized incident - Alabama governor George Wallace's refusal to integrate the University of Alabama. Kennedy to introduce major Civil Rights legislation to Congress. King joined several other Civil Rights leaders in the “March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.” Over 200,000 people gathered on the National Mall, celebrating with and listen to several performers and speakers. King, whose majestic and iconic speech was delivered almost extemporaneously.Less than a month later, four young girls were killed in a bomb attack on a Birmingham church, which intensified pressure on King to find a new battleground. Augustine, Florida, joining pre-existing sit-in protests. Though the SCLC did attain some minor legal victories in St. King left less than a year later, overwhelmed by the continuing violence and convinced that he would not find a dramatic situation there to energize the national consciousness. King was named magazine’s “Man of the Year.” This new level of stardom had its downsides. King was often away from his family, which made it easy for him to indulge in his well-documented infidelities.Though his work there (including his doctoral dissertation, completed in 1955) was marked in its use of multiple and eclectic sources, it also showed a lax attitude towards plagiarism.It was a charge that would be leveled at King throughout his life, and afterwards. King also began to preach more regularly, finding a way to merge his intellectual understanding of Christianity with the more emotional approach that dominated the black church. King met and married Coretta Scott, a music student originally from Alabama.After marrying in 1953, they moved to Montgomery, Alabama, where Dr. He finished his dissertation from there, and he slowly grew into a community leader in Montgomery.Because of his position in the community, in 1955 he was asked to lead the Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA), formed by several black leaders (including his life-long ally Ralph Abernathy) to protest the arrest of Rosa Parks for refusing to give up her bus seat to a white passenger. King quickly became a fiery and devoted leader of the Montgomery Bus Boycott, a yearlong protest wherein black citizens (the majority of city passengers) refused to ride Montgomery buses.