Marcus Garvey Essay Questions

Garvey's cultural movement was a major moment in African and African-American causes that echoed throughout the civil rights movement and African identity projects. In 1914, Garvey returned to Jamaica and founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association, or UNIA, to promote African issues.

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Given his extensive and prolific research on Garvey and the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA), it was certainly fitting that Professor Robert A.

Hill, the editor-in-chief of the multi-volume edition of The Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association Papers, should be the keynote speaker for this significant gathering.

Martin Luther King Jr., who said that Garvey was the first 'man of color' to lead a mass movement.

Garvey's philosophy, which appealed to millions, was of Pan-Africanism.

It was, to my knowledge, the first major academic conference on Garveyism held in the United States to date.

In 1987, Professors Rupert Lewis and Patrick Bryan held a Garveyism conference in Jamaica, bringing together some of the most esteemed Garvey scholars–Tony Martin, Honor Ford Smith, Horace Campbell, and Judith Stein among them–to commemorate the centennial of Garvey’s birth.

In 1922, Marcus Garvey and other leaders of UNIA were charged with committing mail fraud through the Black Star Line.

He was sentenced to prison for five years but tried to appeal, claiming the charges were an excuse to undermine his political credibility.

On the second day of the conference, presenters grappled with a number of core themes in Garveyism Studies and particularly emphasized the movement’s widespread impact in Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean.

The first session, “Garveyism in the British West Indies,” included two fascinating papers by José Andrés Fernández-Montes de Oca and Nicole Bourbonnais.


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