A Chronology sets forth the main events of Byron's life, and a Selected Bibliography lists sources for further study. )George Gordon Byron (invariably known as Lord Byron), later Noel, 6th Baron Byron of Rochdale FRS was a British poet and a leading figure in Romanticism.
Lord George Gordon Byron (1788-1824) was as famous in his lifetime for his personality cult as for his poetry.
He created the concept of the 'Byronic hero' - a defiant, melancholy young man, brooding on some mysterious, unforgivable event in his past.
Byron's influence on European poetry, music, novel, opera, and painting has been immense, although the poet was widely condemned on moral grounds by his contemporaries.
In 1816, 28-year-old George Gordon Byron left England by boat for self-imposed exile.
The disgraced literary star travelled through Belgium and Germany to Switzerland, where he stayed from May 20 to October 10, meeting up with an entourage that included poet Percy Bysshe Shelley, Mary Godwin (future Mrs Shelley) and her stepsister Claire.They rented summer houses at Cologny, near Geneva, and spent part of their time boating and visiting Geneva, Lausanne and the Château de Chillon.Fleeing nosy locals and British tourists, and often stuck indoors due to bad weather – blamed on an Indonesian volcano - the creative juices flowed.“Everybody was spying on Byron and spreading rumours.It commemorates the anniversary and showcases original documents and objects.“He was depressed about leaving England and the fact that his wife had left him. There was this tension which was so inspiring and led to great creativity over those five months.” Their summer culminated in Byron’s poem The Prisoner of Chillon, Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein, and a short story by young physician John Polidori called The Vampyre, which was influence for Bram Stoker’s Dracula.Those five months have undoubtedly had a huge impact on English literature, and culture in general.I never could bear the inhabitants, and still less their English visitors,” he wrote to Thomas Moore in 1821.The critical essays offer an integrated view of Byron's achievement as well as analyses of its different facets. As Byron swoons over the Jungfrau, Hobhouse describes how the sudden arrival of “two or three females on horseback” shatters the illusion of ‘wildness” up on the mountainside.While struck by the beauty of the countryside, Byron’s attitude towards the Swiss people is ambivalent, however.“Switzerland is a curst selfish, swinish country of brutes, placed in the most romantic region of the world.But Byron’s visit to Switzerland has had other enduring influences, most notably on tourism. September 20, Rougemont, Vanel Castle, Zweisimmen ; 8.In the 17th and 18th centuries, visiting Europe on the so-called Grand Tour was an educational rite of passage for many young aristocrats, artists and philosophers. September 18, Vevey, Clarens, Châtelard Castle, Chillon Castle; 5. September 21, Weissenburg, Wimmis Castle, Thun, Schadau Castle ; 9.