With that in mind, you’re likely wondering what you can do to make sure you’re not one of those people.
The first step in the critical thinking process is to identify the situation or problem as well as the factors that may influence it.
Once you have a clear picture of the situation and the people, groups or factors that may be influenced, you can then begin to dive deeper into an issue and its potential solutions.
Ideally, critical thinking is to be done objectively—meaning without influence from personal feelings, opinions or biases—and it focuses solely on factual information.
Critical thinking is a skill that allows you to make logical and informed decisions to the best of your ability.
For those who require higher levels of analysis, Rationale provides the analysis map format to show the relationships between main premises and co premises.
Once arguments for and against an issue have been logically structured, they need to be evaluated.
How to improve: When facing any new situation, question or scenario, stop to take a mental inventory of the state of affairs and ask the following questions: When comparing arguments about an issue, independent research ability is key.
Arguments are meant to be persuasive—that means the facts and figures presented in their favor might be lacking in context or come from questionable sources.
It also includes indicator or connecting words so that the relationship between statements is clearly understood.
A test of a solid argument is how good the evidence is that underpins the claims.