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One of the key elements in the Schaffer program is what is called the "ratio." Ratio is the amount of Concrete Detail in a paragraph compared to the amount of commentary connected to the CD. The actual ratio for response to literature is 1:2 , which means there must be at least two sentences of Commentary for each sentence of Concrete Detail like so: Note that the ratio is still 1:2 (At least twice as much Commentary as there is Concrete Detail) This sentence should state the main point of the paragraph and be focused on stating a topic and a connected opinion about the topic This sentence is the "what" is happening.It should be either facts, examples, illustrations, evidence, support, plot references, paraphrases, citations, quotations, plot summary, etc.
The Schaffer method is a research-based writing formula commonly taught in middle and high school settings.
The multi-paragraph essay structure was coined by Jane Schaffer in an effort to provide students and teachers with a consistent and proven formula for constructing essays.
It closes up the thoughts and gives insight to the next paragraph.
Emotional or connotative words are preferred here usually beginning with "As a result" or another concluding sentence.
The following terms relate to Schaffer's paragraph structure and are listed in the order that they should appear when written.
The topic sentence of a paragraph is simply the main idea and should reflect the primary concept or message that is being conveyed.
The method is backed by Schaffer's own research on the most effective means of crafting an essay as well as the best techniques to use in order to generate high paper scores.
Schaffer's format ensures that each paragraph is fully developed by designating specific types of sentences, a set number for these sentences (5-8 to be exact) and a specific order when composing them.
In addition to these details the Schaffer method also suggest approximately how many words should go in each section as well as the ratio or sentence distribution depending on the type of paper that is being written..
These are two of the five basic sentence types that are to be included in Schaffer's paragraph format.