At Fort Hood, Texas, Robinson faced a court-martial for refusing to obey an order to move to the back of the bus; he was later exonerated.
After he was discharged from the Army in 1944, Robinson joined the Kansas City Monarchs baseball team of the National Negro League in the spring of 1945.
With the help of boxer Joe Louis, he succeeded in opening an Officer Candidate School (OCS) to black soldiers.
After attending OCS, he was commissioned a second lieutenant.
He was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962, his first year of eligibility.
After his retirement, Robinson engaged in several business ventures that encouraged black economic development.The Jackie Robinson Papers also document the evolution of Robinson's legacy, represented, in part, by a variety of posthumous commemorations, events and tributes.The main body of the Jackie Robinson Papers was in the possession of Mrs.The correspondence includes letters from a wide range of individuals affiliated with baseball -- officials, fellow players and sportswriters. When Jackie Robinson began his rookie season with the Brooklyn Dodgers on April 15, 1947, he became the first African American to play major league baseball in the 20th century, breaking down the "color line" in effect since 1876.Among these are Branch Rickey, Walter O'Malley, Clyde Sukeforth, Hank Greenberg, Happy Chandler, E. The son of sharecroppers, Jack Roosevelt Robinson (1919-1972) was born on Jan.There Robinson met nursing student Rachel Isum, whom he married in 1946.An outstanding athlete, Robinson lettered in four sports at UCLA -- baseball, football, basketball and track.He withdrew from UCLA in his senior year, hoping to relieve some of his mother's financial burdens.He worked for the National Youth Administration as an athletic instructor and also earned extra money playing football for the Honolulu Bears.He became the vice president of personnel for the Chock Full O' Nuts restaurant chain, where he worked diligently to improve the status of the many lower level African Americans employed there.He helped found and served as board chairman for the Freedom National Bank, a minority-owned commercial bank based in Harlem.