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The title should clearly and concisely (in about 12 words or fewer) communicate the primary variables and research questions.
What might be some of the pros and cons of using cute article titles?
For articles that are being submitted for publication, the title page also includes an author note that lists the authors’ full institutional affiliations, any acknowledgments the authors wish to make to agencies that funded the research or to colleagues who commented on it, and contact information for the authors.
Immediately after the opening comes the literature review, which describes relevant previous research on the topic and can be anywhere from several paragraphs to several pages in length.
However, the literature review is not simply a list of past studies.
As we have already seen, the authors are listed in an order that reflects their contribution to the research.
When multiple authors have made equal contributions to the research, they often list their names alphabetically or in a randomly determined order.
This feeling of discomfort was called cognitive dissonance by social psychologist Leon Festinger (1957), who suggested that individuals will be motivated to remove this dissonance in whatever way they can (p. After capturing the reader’s attention, the opening should go on to introduce the research question and explain why it is interesting. He opened his article with the following humourous anecdote: A friend whose mother is suffering symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) tells the story of taking her mother to visit a nursing home, preliminary to her mother’s moving there.
During an orientation meeting at the nursing home, the rules and regulations were explained, one of which regarded the dining room.
Instead, it constitutes a kind of argument for why the research question is worth addressing.
By the end of the literature review, readers should be convinced that the research question makes sense and that the present study is a logical next step in the ongoing research process.