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For example, let's say you want to quote from the following passage in an essay called "United Shareholders of America," by Jacob Weisberg: The citizen-investor serves his fellow citizens badly by his inclination to withdraw from the community. He does so by focusing his pursuit of happiness on something that very seldom makes people happy in the way they expect it to.When you quote, you generally want to be as concise as possible.Taking the exact words from an original source is called quoting.
When you have "embedded quotes," or quotations within quotations, you should switch from the normal quotation marks ("") to single quotation marks ('') to show the difference.
For example, if an original passage by John Archer reads: Akutagawa complicates the picture of picture of himself as mere “reader on the verge of writing his own text,” by having his narrated persona actually finish authoring the work in wich he appears.
Although it stood with its head raised, even its yellowed wings had been eaten by insects.
He thought of his entire life and felt tears and cruel laughter welling up inside. With this gesture Akutagawa ironizes the impossibility of truly writing the self by emphasizing the inevitable split that must occur between writing and written “self,” the Akutagawa still writing “A Fool's Life” cannot possibly be identical with the narrated persona which has finished the work.
Most of the time, you can just identify a source and quote from it, as in the first example above.
How Do You Cite A Book In An Essay
Sometimes, however, you will need to modify the words or format of the quotation in order to fit in your paper.Whenever you change the original words of your source, you must indicate that you have done so.Otherwise, you would be claiming the original author used words that he or she did not use. You could accidentally change the meaning of the quotation and falsely claim the author said something they did not.If your sources are very important to your ideas, you should mention the author and work in a sentence that introduces your citation.If, however, you are only citing the source to make a minor point, you may consider using parenthetical references, footnotes, or endnotes.For example, If you have already introduced the author and work from which you are citing, and you are obviously referring to the same work, you probably don't need to mention them again.However, if you have cited other sources and then go back to one you had cited earlier, it is a good idea to mention at least the author's name again (and the work if you have referred to more than one by this author) to avoid confusion.But often you can just tag this information onto the beginning or end of a sentence.For example, the following sentence puts information about the author and work before the quotation: Milan Kundera, in his book The Art of the Novel, suggests that “if the novel should really disappear, it will do so not because it has exhausted its powers but because it exists in a world grown alien to it.” You may also want to describe the author(s) if they are not famous, or if you have reason to believe your reader does not know them.You should say whether they are economic analysts, artists, physicists, etc.If you do not know anything about the author, and cannot find any information, it is best to say where you found the source and why you believe it is credible and worth citing.