French Literacy Essay During The Old Regime

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The officials were from the Royal Jurisdiction of Waterways and Forestland, the forest of Brassac was owned by none other than the King himself, and Marrot's words had been taken as a clear challenge to royal authority in the borderland between France and Spain.

The politicization of the French peasantry has been the topic of much debate, and different scholars have chosen various turning points from the Revolution through the Third Republic.

There he encountered a group of village notables who were assisting in a formal inspection of the nearby forest by state officials.

Marrot listened as the local authorities described how bandits had been known to take refuge in the woods and how difficult it was to keep the inhabitants of nearby communities - particularly those of Ganac, a rival village - from gathering wood in forest considered to be within Brassac's domain.

However, the political opinions held by the peasantry , in fact, preoccupy the Old Regime monarchy, although the officials responsible for monitoring them might not have described their job in quite those words.

French Literacy Essay During The Old Regime Famous Argumentative Essays

The examples in the pages that follow are largely from the southwestern provinces of Guienne and Gascogne, administered by intendants in Bordeaux, Auch, and Montauban.For more information, read Michigan Publishing's access and usage policy.On a chilly day in late November, a peasant named Jean Marrot, who lived in the village of Brassac in the Pyrenees mountains south of Foix, went for a walk in the woods near his home.Scenes such as this one were common during the revolutionary period.The controversy over the Civil Constitution of the Clergy sparked countless discussions of religious policy in country taverns, and as the deputies designed new policies on taxes, grain prices, and land usage, the chatter in rural areas only increased.Words like "the masses" and "the populace," commonly used by literary authors and administrators, put the people at a distance, and the terms "mob," "rabble," and "the underworld" evoked nothing short of disgust.This tendency to view the rural population as inferior and incompetent is also apparent in descriptions of peasant uprisings in the early modern period."We have always made charcoal here," he said, "and we will continue to do so - myself first in line - no matter what orders or prohibitions you might throw at us!" Marrot was arrested for "seditious speech" soon after his outburst; his sentence included a prison term and a fine as well as a formal apology to the owner of the forest.By the height of the Terror, peasants and village artisans were being charged with anti-revolutionary, counter-revolutionary, or seditious speech on just about every topic, to the point that even a wistful comment that "things had been better under the Old Regime" could warrant a death sentence.However, Jean Marrot did not make his comment about the villagers' rights to forest land in 1793 but, rather, in 1758.

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