This could be because the role-play does not reflect all the possible triggers that might exist in real-life situations.It could also be because there is not a straightforward relationship between anger and offending, as one study found very little difference in levels of anger between offenders classed as violent and those classed as non-violent.
This could be because the role-play does not reflect all the possible triggers that might exist in real-life situations.It could also be because there is not a straightforward relationship between anger and offending, as one study found very little difference in levels of anger between offenders classed as violent and those classed as non-violent.Tags: Harry Potter EssayHow To Outline A Research Paper ApaFree Creative Writing StoriesEconomic Benefits Of Tourism In Developing CountriesBooks Writing College Research PapersCreative Writing Jobs From HomeTitle Of Essay
For that reason it can be viewed as socially sensitive research.
- - - - - - - - Question 39: (16 marks) Behaviour modification programmes make use of behavioural principles in order to attempt to rehabilitate offenders.
However, the effectiveness of the programme depends on prison staff showing a consistent approach and evidence has shown that any benefits are lost if staff are not consistent due to lack of appropriate training or staff turnover.
There is also a lot of evidence to show that the effectiveness of token economies is often short term.
This involves making changes to their behaviour through operant conditioning, often using a token economy.
Good behaviour is rewarded with tokens (secondary reinforcers) that can be traded for desirable privileges (primary reinforcers) and bad behaviour is discouraged through removing the tokens.For example, Cohen and Filipcjak found that a group of young male offenders who had experienced a token economy within an institution were less likely to have reoffended 1 – 2 years later compared to a control group of offenders.However, when followed up 3 years after release, the recidivism rates were the same for both groups, suggesting that the impact of token economies reduces over time.The results showed that all who had completed the programme showed a decrease in self-reported anger, as well as lower levels of anger being reported by the prison officers.However, despite this there is very little evidence that it reduces recidivism in the long-term.In addition many crimes, such as burglary or fraud are not motivated by anger so anger-management would not help to prevent this type of crime.Join 1000s of fellow Psychology teachers and students all getting the tutor2u Psychology team's latest resources and support delivered fresh in their inbox every morning.Both of these issues question the validity of Lombroso’s theory.Lombroso has also been criticised for scientific racisms as many of the features that he claimed to be linked to crime (e.g.curly hair and dark skin) are most likely to be found in those of African descent.Also he described criminals as being ‘uncivilised, primitive and savage’ and these ideas would have appeared to support the eugenic movement that was very prominent at that time.