First To Fight Essay

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The history of the United States Army began in 1775.

The Corps of Engineers also has a major role in controlling rivers inside the United States.

The Continental Army was founded in response to a need for professional soldiers in the American Revolutionary War to fight the invading British Army.

Until the 1940s, the Army was relatively small in peacetime.

In 1947, the Air Force became completely independent of the Army Air Forces. Army fought the Indian Wars of the 1790s, the War of 1812 (1812–15), American Civil War (1861–65), Spanish–American War (1898), World War I (1917–18), World War II (1941–45), Korean War (1950–53) and Vietnam War (1965–71).After Desert Storm, the Army did not see major combat operations for the remainder of the 1990s. When the American Revolutionary War began at the Battles of Lexington and Concord in April 1775, the colonial revolutionaries did not have an army.After the September 11 attacks, and as part of the War on Terror, U. and other NATO forces invaded Afghanistan in 2001, replacing the Taliban government. Previously, each colony had relied upon the militia, made up of part-time civilian-soldiers, for local defense, or the raising of temporary "provincial regiments" during specific crises such as the French and Indian War.During the War of 1812, an invasion of Canada failed, and U. troops were unable to stop the British from burning the new capital of Washington, D. However, the Regular Army, under Generals Winfield Scott and Jacob Brown, proved they were professional and capable of defeating a major invasion by the regular British Army in the Niagara campaign of 1814. With the outbreak of the Korean War, concerns over the defense of Western Europe led to the establishment of NATO.During the Cold War, American troops and their allies fought communist forces in Korea and Vietnam (see containment). The Army converted to an all-volunteer force with greater emphasis on training and technology. The Army leadership reacted by starting to plan for a reduction in strength. The Continental Army consisted of troops from all 13 colonies.On June 14, 1775, the Second Continental Congress decided to proceed with the establishment of a Continental Army for purposes of common defense, adopting the forces already in place outside Boston (22,000 troops) and New York (5,000).It also raised the first ten companies of Continental troops on a one-year enlistment, riflemen from Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware and Virginia to be used as light infantry, who later became the 1st Continental Regiment in 1776.Historians laud Washington for his selection and supervision of his generals, encouragement of morale and ability to hold together the army, coordination with the state governors and state militia units, relations with Congress and attention to supplies, logistics, and training.In battle, however, Washington was repeatedly outmaneuvered by British generals with larger armies.Previously, each colony had relied upon the militia, made up of part-time civilian-soldiers.The initial orders from Congress authorized ten companies of riflemen. A combined conscript and volunteer force, the National Army, was formed by the United States War Department in 1917 to fight in World War I.


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