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If your thesis statement incorrectly says it should apply to both countries, or perhaps to all democracies, then you need to delimit it.Put a fence around your argument, saying where it applies and where it doesn’t. Specify the limits in clear, general terms, if possible—the same way you stated the thesis itself. conscience in the acquisition of money, so long as it took place legally. The power of religious asceticism provided him in addition with sober, conscientious, and unusually industrious workmen, who clung to their work as to a life purpose willed by God. 176–77)For at least twenty-five years before the specter of totalitarianism became a real threat, we had progressively been moving away from the basic ideas on which Western civilization has been built.
To illustrate, let’s consider some thesis statements from leading figures across a range of fields. As part of your thesis reading, look for clear arguments to serve as models. Here is Robert Nozick’s introduction to Anarchy, State, and Utopia, one of the most influential—and controversial—works of philosophy in the past half century: Individuals have rights, and there are things no person or group may do to them (without violating their rights). After all, they are filled with detail and rarely seek to generalize their findings to other countries or other periods.
Our main conclusions about the state are that a minimal state, limited to the narrow functions of protection against force, theft, fraud, enforcement of contracts, and so on, is justified; that any more extensive state will violate persons’ rights not to be forced to do certain things, and is unjustified; and the minimal state is inspiring as well as right. ix)What the great religious epoch of the seventeenth century bequeathed to its utilitarian successor was, however, an amazingly good . (Max Weber, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism (1904–5), trans. That this movement on which we have entered with such high hopes and ambitions should have brought us face to face with the totalitarian horror has come as a profound shock to this generation, which still refuses to connect the two facts.
A specifically bourgeois economic ethic had grown up.
Still, the best studies synthesize what they have found about their own time and place. Ascents and descents, kneeling, ceremonial processions, joinings of hands, and the like are not only omnipresent but function as signs of hierarchical relationship, personal obligation, communal celebration, and a host of other meaningful qualities.
What does a clear, good thesis statement for a research paper actually look like? How much room do individual rights leave for the state? Two noteworthy implications are that the state may not use its coercive apparatus for the purpose of getting some citizens to aid others, or in order to prohibit activities to people for their own good or protection. Yet this development merely confirms the warnings of the fathers of the liberal philosophy which we still profess. Hayek, The Road to Serfdom (1944); reprint, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1972, pp.
You can see for yourself by reviewing the research articles you’ve been reading. Most will have a thesis statement (that is, their major argument) in the introduction or conclusion. The nature of the state, its legitimate functions and its justifications, if any, is the central concern of this book . We have progressively abandoned that freedom in economic affairs without which personal and political freedom has never existed in the past. 12–13) Some think that historical studies don’t have such theses.
They fuse the myriad details into a meaningful picture. Dower’s eloquent summary argument from Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Wake of World War II: To understand the Japan that stands at the cusp of the twenty-first century, however, it is more useful to look not for the longue duree of an inexorably unfolding national experience, but rather at a cycle of recent history that began in the late 1920s and essentially ended in 1989. Clothing betokens social rank or, conversely, a holiday inversion of it.
When this short, violent, innovative epoch is scrutinized, much of what has been characterized as a postwar “Japanese model” proves to [be] a hybrid Japanese-American model: forged in war, intensified through defeat and occupation, and maintained over the ensuing decades out of an abiding fear of national vulnerability and a widespread belief that Japan needed top-level planning and protection to achieve optimum economic growth. Gestures often occupy the central moment of a scene or signal the reversal of dramatic action.
As you move forward with your research and writing, you will adjust your sights.
Revising your thesis statement is not a concession. Finally, you will draw conclusions and try to show how your argument hits the bull’s-eye.