Essays Youth Offending

Armed with all these negative facts concerning the current existence of juvenile justice systems, one might be compelled to ask the question "What factors justify their existence then?" To get the answers to this question, one need not look very far; mostly, be it in the family, the neighborhood, the state and indeed the whole country, cases of juvenile delinquency are evident. More than 2.5 million juvenile arrests are made and processed each year in the US.

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These two entities are different, functionally and structurally. The most salient functional differences lie in the rationales for forming these systems.

For example, for the juvenile justice system, youth are considered to be developmentally different from adults and, therefore, their behavior is malleable.

Most of these were found to have committed minor offenses and were denied the benefit of lawyers. In Texas, the juvenile justice system was entirely overhauled some few years ago after shocking discoveries that kids were being held arbitrarily even after their sentence was due and that many of them were being sexually abused.

As stated earlier, the juvenile court system ought to be a rehabilitation tool rather than a punishment tool. Consequently, these large detention institutions for juveniles should be substituted with much smaller facilities situated closer to the kids’ homes.

Juveniles were now seen as youths, who had lost their way and not as hardened criminals.

The juvenile justice system was, therefore, used as an effective tool through which, discipline could be instilled in deviant youth and to cultivate law and order in the larger society.When they are locked up, they are trained on essential life skills to enable them become self-reliant and responsible members of the society. Should a nation decide to eliminate its juvenile justice system, it would be imperative that it first puts measures in place to punish or rehabilitate offenders.One of its options might be integrating the juvenile system with the criminal court system.These include: prosecutor, police, courts, detention, probation and the Department of juvenile Corrections.The first Juvenile court, having been established in 1899, was meant to deter delinquents from future illegal conducts.In the state of Missouri, where this method is widely applied, for instance, authorities have reported a 10% fall in recidivism rates.The brain’s frontal lobe, where logical judgments are made, doesn’t develop fully until early to mid 20s (basis of judgment in Therefore, with time, juvenile courts should be eliminated and replaced with more specialized services .This creates a major loophole through which unscrupulous and unethical officials exploit their subjects – the minors.Children feel threatened whenever confronted by a much higher authority and strangers, especially when they know that they are on the wrong.Prior to this, juvenile delinquents were placed together with adults.However, people started to shift from this culture due to the changes in social views that were informed by research conducted by psychologists.


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