Essays On Immigration In Australia

Furthermore, in 1958, when the Migration Act commenced, the dictation test was , which allowed for an increased intake of mixed race immigrants.However, the acceptance of mixed race immigrants did not become apparent and effective until 1964 when the Department of Immigration gave the Minister for Immigration (Hubert Opperman) discretion to allow individuals into the country based on 3 general ‘eligibility criteria’.

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The term “Populate or Perish” – first coined by Bill Hughes in 1937 – was the idea that Australia “must not only be defended but also have enough human resources to defend itself”.[16] As such, Australia had to increase its population to fulfil this necessity in an economically viable way.

Several strategies were employed by the Australian government to solve this problem: relaxation on the “White Australia” policy; “Assisted Passage Schemes”; and the use of Displaced Person.

What Were the Main Political and Economic Reasons Behind the Australian Governments’ Pursuit of Policies of Mass Immigration from the Late 1940s to the Late 1960s?

In What Ways Have Government and Community Attitudes to Large-Scale Immigration Changed Since Then?

However, government initiatives were aimed at using immigration as a means of not only building the population, but also improving the economic state of the nation simultaneously.

From the late 1960s, however, immigration policies became more restrictive, and hence immigration numbers began to fall compared to those of the previous 3 decades.In the early years of this century, immigration progressed relatively slowly.When the First World War broke out, Australia saw a high rate of emigration from the country because people would often leave to fight for Britain.[6] Consequently, even following the war, immigration dramatically decreased due to the Great Depression, and the fact that non-whites were treated with even more suspicion following the war effort – in particular Southern Europeans.[7] century remained slow – a growth of only 4 million people between 19 – and it wasn’t until the conclusion of the Second World War that numbers began to increase.History of Immigration in Australia (1788 – 1940) Australia’s stance in the modern world can largely be premised on the influences and effect of immigration.Britain first colonised Australia in 1788 and the original “intention” of this was to send British convicts to settle.[1] However, various other commercial, strategic, and naval reasons have since been put forward by historians.[2] During the 19 century, Australia saw a great deal of immigration since the country was relatively newly founded.The reasons behind this can be explained by reference to the governments in place, specifically the Whitlam Government (1972-1975) and the Fraser Government (1975-1983).To explain the political and economic reasons behind the immigration boom we saw from the 1940s to the late 1960s, we must first look to the history behind Australia’s immigration and policies and why this “boom” was required.However, this test was often written in a language not spoken by the person taking the test.[11] This gave the authorities discretion to refuse entry to people based on their racial origin.Between the implementation of this policy and the passing of the Migration Act in 1958, 1,932 people were denied entry because of this test.[12] Any shipping companies who brought with them non-Europeans seeking residency in Australia would be fined, and so eventually companies became learned enough not to bring such people with them.[13] This was another method used by Australian immigration authorities to keep Australia ‘white’.Essentially, this policy was designed to create “an ethnically homogenous society”[8] through refusing entry to most non-white peoples.This was first advocated by Alfred Deakin in his 1901 election campaign, and since carried on for 72 years.[9] James Jupp noted that one of the pillars upon which Australia’s immigration policy during the 20 century has rested was “the maintenance of British hegemony and ‘white’ domination”,[10] which can be seen to be firmly implemented in this policy.


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